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Capacidad del estado, democracia y política en la Segunda República (1931-1936) : el fracaso de la reforma agraria en España

Listed author(s):
  • Simpson, James
  • Carmona, Juan
Registered author(s):

    El fracaso de los gobiernos republicanos para llevar a cabo una amplia reforma agraria redistributiva ha recibido diferentes explicaciones tales como la sistemática oposición de los terratenientes, la escasa voluntad política del gobierno de Azaña de 1931-33, o las restricciones presupuestarias. Sin embargo, la reforma agraria republicana se enfrentó a otros problemas de muy distinta naturaleza. Por una parte, el hecho de no haber participado en la Primera Guerra Mundial explica que, ni el estado se viera obligado a incrementar su capacidad de intervención en la economía, ni las élites terratenientes experimentaran una disminución de su poder económico como en el resto de los países participantes. Por otro, es el enorme desafío que supone para un estado modificar completamente la organización agrícola de una parte considerable del país, y la falta de tierras suficientes para redistribuir sin debilitar los derechos previos de otros cultivadores. Finalmente, el caso español pone de relieve la dificultad de acometer una reforma agraria en un sistema democrático.

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    File URL: http://e-archivo.uc3m.es/bitstream/handle/10016/24209/wh1702.pdf?sequence=1
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    Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola in its series IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH with number 24209.

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    Date of creation: Feb 2017
    Handle: RePEc:cte:whrepe:24209
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://portal.uc3m.es/portal/page/portal/instituto_figuerola

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    1. Broadberry,Stephen & Harrison,Mark (ed.), 2005. "The Economics of World War I," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521852128, September.
    2. Offer, Avner, 1991. "The First World War: An Agrarian Interpretation," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198202790.
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