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Des inégalités justes


  • Michel Herland

    () (CEREGMIA, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane)


Les inégalités sont partout mais sont-elles ou peuvent-elles être justes ? Une première justification des inégalités se fonde sur les différences de productivité entre individus. Une autre justification fait appel aux différences entre les besoins des individus. Celle-ci, néanmoins, apparaît moins solidement fondée que la précédente. On justifie également les inégalités par leur utilité : selon la théorie de l’équilibre général, par exemple, elles sont indissociables de l’optimum. Les théoriciens contemporains de la justice sociale ne contestent d’ailleurs pas l’utilité des inégalités, que ce soit chez Rawls avec son principe de différence ou chez Sen avec la recommandation de garantir à tous des capabilités minimales. Enfin, sur la base d’une typologie des inégalités, cet article propose la vision de l’auteur sur ce que seraient des inégalités « justes ». Mots-clefs : inégalités, justice sociale, utilitarisme, Proudhon, Rawls, Sen Classification JEL : B14, D3, D63, I3, P1

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Herland, 2013. "Des inégalités justes," Documents de Travail 2013-12, CEREGMIA, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane.
  • Handle: RePEc:crg:wpaper:dt2013-12

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    File Function: First version, 2013
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sen, Amartya, 1973. "On Economic Inequality," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198281931.
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    JEL classification:

    • B14 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist
    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • P1 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems

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