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Incentives to Innovate and Social Harm: Laissez-Faire, Authorization or Penalties?

  • Immordino, Giovanni
  • Pagano, Marco
  • Polo, Michele

We analyze optimal policy design when firms' research activity may lead to socially harmful innovations. Public intervention, affecting the expected profitability of innovation, may both thwart the incentives to undertake research (average deterrence) and guide the use to which innovation is put (marginal deterrence). We show that public intervention should become increasingly stringent as the probability of social harm increases, switching first from laissez-faire to a penalty regime, then to a lenient authorization regime, and finally to a strict one. In contrast, absent innovative activity, regulation should rely only on authorizations, and laissez-faire is never optimal. Therefore, in innovative industries regulation should be softer.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7280.

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Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7280
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