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Anticipated Ramsey Reforms and the Uniform Taxation Principle: The Role of International Financial Markets

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  • Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie
  • Uribe, Martín

Abstract

This Paper studies the role of asset-market completeness for the properties of optimal policy. A suitable framework for this purpose is the small open economy with complete international asset markets. For in this environment changes in policy represent country-specific risk diversifiable in world markets. Our main finding is that the fundamental public finance principle whereby when taxes on all final goods are available, it is optimal to tax final goods uniformly fails to obtain. In general, uniform taxation is optimal because it amounts to a non-distorting tax on fixed factors of production. In the open economy this principle fails because when households can insure against the risk of a policy reform, initial private asset holdings are contingent on actual policy and thus no longer represent an inelastically supplied source of income. Two further differences between optimal policy in the closed and open economies with complete markets are: (a) In the open economy, optimal consumption and income tax rates are unchanged in response to government purchases shocks. By contrast, in the closed economy tax rates do respond to innovations in public spending. (b) In the open economy, the Friedman rule is optimal only if the Ramsey planner has access to consumption taxes. In the absence of consumption taxes, deviations from the Friedman rule are large. On the other hand, in the closed economy, the availability of either consumption or income taxes suffices to render the Friedman rule optimal.

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  • Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín, 2002. "Anticipated Ramsey Reforms and the Uniform Taxation Principle: The Role of International Financial Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 3438, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3438
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    2. Alexandre Cunha, 2004. "The Friedman Rule in a Two Sector Small Open Economy," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 530, Econometric Society.
    3. Alexandre Cunha, 2008. "The optimality of the Friedman rule when some distorting taxes are exogenous," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 35(2), pages 267-291, May.
    4. Senay, Ozge & Sutherland, Alan, 2013. "The Timing Of Asset Trade And Optimal Policy In Dynamic Open Economies," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(8), pages 1543-1573, December.
    5. Ester Faia & Tommaso Monacelli, 2003. "Ramsey monetary policy and international relative prices," Proceedings, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    6. David Arseneau, 2012. "Expectation traps in a new Keynesian open economy model," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 49(1), pages 81-112, January.
    7. Florina-Cristina Badarau & Florence Huart & Ibrahima Sangaré, 2013. "Indebtedness and macroeconomic imbalances in a monetary-union DSGE model," Working Papers hal-00996622, HAL.
    8. Liu, Xuan, 2013. "Time consistency of optimal monetary and fiscal policy in a small open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 47-67.
    9. Ascari, Guido & Rankin, Neil, 2007. "Perpetual youth and endogenous labor supply: A problem and a possible solution," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 708-723, December.
    10. Liu, X, 2010. "Is Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a Small Open Economy Time Consistent?," MPRA Paper 28781, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Ruy Lama & Juan Pablo Medina, 2004. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy Under Segmented Asset Markets and Sticky Prices," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 286, Central Bank of Chile.
    12. Cristina Badarau & Florence Huart & Ibrahima Sangaré, 2014. "Sovereign Risk Premium and Divergent Fiscal Policies in a Monetary Union," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 124(6), pages 867-898.
    13. Angelo Marsiglia Fasolo, 2014. "The Ramsey Steady State under Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy for Small Open Economies," Working Papers Series 357, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    14. Zixi Liu, 2015. "Do debt and growth dance together? A DSGE model of a small open economy with sovereign debt," Working Papers 2015.05, International Network for Economic Research - INFER.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    anticipated ramsey policy; open economies; optimal monetary and fiscal policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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