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Monetary Concequences of Alternative Fiscal Policy Rules

  • Jukka Railavo

    ()

    (Monetary Policy and Research Department Bank of Finland)

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    In this paper we analyse the monetary impact of alternative fiscal policy rules using the debt and deficit, both mentioned as measures of fiscal policy performance in the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). We use a New Keynesian model, with distortionary taxation and an appropriately defined output gap. The economy is hit by two fundamental shocks: demand and supply shocks, which are orthogonal to each other. Monetary policy is conducted by an independent central bank that will optimise. Under discretionary monetary policy the size of the inflation bias depends on the fiscal policy regime. Using the timeless perspective approach to precommitment, output persistence increases compared to the discretionary case. The result holds with the alternative fiscal policy rules, and inflation and output persistence reflects the economic data. With the deficit rules, the autocorrelation of the tax rate is near unity irrespective of the monetary policy regime, and irrespective of the fiscal policy parameters and targets. Thus we revive Barro's (1979) random walk result with the deficit rules

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    Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 with number 145.

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    Date of creation: 11 Nov 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf5:145
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