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Evaluating Style Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • de Roon, Frans
  • Nijman, Theo E
  • ter Horst, Jenke

Abstract

In this Paper we evaluate (return based) style analysis. The portfolio and positivity constraints imposed by style analysis are useful in constructing mimicking factor portfolios without short positions. We use a simple simulation experiment to show that imposing these constraints in estimating the factor portfolios leads to significant efficiency gains, if the factor loadings are indeed positively weighted portfolios. If this is not the case though, imposing the constraints can substantially bias the exposure estimates. We also show that the actual portfolio holdings will in general not reveal the actual investment style of a fund because of cross exposures between the asset classes, and because fund managers may hold securities that on average do not have a beta of one relative to their own asset class. Style analysis may be used to determine a benchmark portfolio for performance measurement. If the actual exposures are a positively weighted portfolio and if the risk free rate is one of the benchmarks, then the intercept coincides with the Jensen measure. In general, the intercept in the style regression can only be interpreted as a special case of the familiar Jensen measure.

Suggested Citation

  • de Roon, Frans & Nijman, Theo E & ter Horst, Jenke, 2002. "Evaluating Style Analysis," CEPR Discussion Papers 3181, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3181
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. repec:eee:empfin:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:91-107 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Beck, Thorsten & De Jonghe, Olivier, 2013. "Lending concentration, bank performance and systemic risk : exploring cross-country variation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6604, The World Bank.
    4. Adrian Pizzinga, 2010. "Constrained Kalman Filtering: Additional Results," International Statistical Review, International Statistical Institute, vol. 78(2), pages 189-208, August.
    5. Enrique Sentana, 2009. "The econometrics of mean-variance efficiency tests: a survey," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(3), pages C65-C101, November.
    6. Daniel Giamouridis & Sandra Paterlini, 2010. "Regular(Ized) Hedge Fund Clones," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 33(3), pages 223-247.
    7. Geetesh Bhardwaj & Gary Gorton & K. Rouwenhorst, 2008. "Fooling Some of the People All of the Time: The Inefficient Performance and Persistence of Commodity Trading Advisors," Yale School of Management Working Papers amz2429, Yale School of Management.
    8. Laurens Swinkels & Pieter Van Der Sluis, 2006. "Return-based style analysis with time-varying exposures," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(6-7), pages 529-552.
    9. repec:pal:assmgt:v:18:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1057_s41260-016-0009-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Renneboog, L.D.R. & Ter Horst, J.R. & Zhang, C., 2007. "Socially Responsible Investments : Methodology, Risk Exposure and Performance," Discussion Paper 2007-013, Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economic Center.
    11. Renneboog, L.D.R. & Ter Horst, J.R. & Zhang, C., 2007. "Socially Responsible Investments : Methodology, Risk and Performance," Discussion Paper 2007-31, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    12. Stephanos Papadamou & Nikolaos A. Kyriazis & Lydia Mermigka, 2017. "Japanese Mutual Funds before and after the Crisis Outburst: A Style- and Performance-Analysis," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 1-20, March.
    13. Lau, Wee Yeap & Chan, Tze-Haw, 2004. "Does Misclassification of Equity Funds Exist? Evidence from Malaysia," MPRA Paper 2029, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2005.
    14. Robert Faff & Annette Nguyen & Bonnie H.I. Ip & Philip Gharghori, 2012. "Return-based Style Analysis in Australian Funds," Multinational Finance Journal, Multinational Finance Journal, vol. 16(3-4), pages 155-188, September.
    15. Ferruz Agudo, Luis & Vicente Gimeno, Luis A., 2005. "Are Style Factors exclusive, exhaustive and independent in Spanish Domestic Equity Funds?/¿Son los factores de estilo exclusivos, exhaustivos e independientes en los fondos de inversión españoles de r," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 23, pages 495-506, Agosto.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    performance evaluation; portfolio choice; style analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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