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The Transmission of Liquidity Shocks: Evidence from Credit Rating Downgrades

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  • Karam, Philippe
  • Merrouche, Ouarda
  • Souissi, Moez
  • Turk, Rima

Abstract

We analyze the transmission of bank-specific liquidity shocks triggered by a credit rating downgrade through the lending channel. Using bank-level data for US Bank Holding Companies, we find that a credit rating downgrade is associated with an immediate and persistent decline in access to non-core deposits and wholesale funding, especially during the global financial crisis. This translates into a reduction in lending to households and non-financial corporates at home and abroad. The effect on domestic lending, however, is mitigated when banks (i) hold a larger buffer of liquid assets, (ii) diversify away from rating-sensitive sources of funding, and (iii) activate internal liquidity support measures. Foreign lending is significantly reduced during a crisis at home only for subsidiaries with weak funding self-sufficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Karam, Philippe & Merrouche, Ouarda & Souissi, Moez & Turk, Rima, 2014. "The Transmission of Liquidity Shocks: Evidence from Credit Rating Downgrades," CEPR Discussion Papers 10252, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10252
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    Cited by:

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    credit ratings; credit supply; internal capital markets; liquidity management; multinational banks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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