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Optimal Fiscal Devaluation

Author

Listed:
  • Langot, François
  • Patureau, Lise
  • Sopraseuth, Thepthida

Abstract

We study fiscal devaluation in a small-open economy with labor market search frictions. Our analysis shows the key role of both dimensions in shaping the optimal tax scheme. By reducing labor market distortions, the tax reform is welfare-improving. Yet, as it makes imports more expensive, fiscal devaluation lowers the agents’ purchasing power, which is welfare-reducing. These contrasting effects give rise to an optimal tax scheme. Besides, transition matters. If the economy is better off in the long run, the required transitional saving effort increases the cost of the reform, thereby calling for a moderate magnitude of fiscal devaluation.

Suggested Citation

  • Langot, François & Patureau, Lise & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2012. "Optimal Fiscal Devaluation," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1202, CEPREMAP.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:1202
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    Cited by:

    1. Langot, François & Pizzo, Alessandra, 2019. "Accounting for labor gaps," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 312-347.
    2. Hohberger, Stefan & Kraus, Lena, 2016. "Is fiscal devaluation welfare enhancing?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 512-522.
    3. Hasim Akca & Oguzhan Bozatli, 2020. "Fiscal devaluation and net export: dynamic panel data analysis on the Euro Area," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(18), pages 1500-1504, October.
    4. José E. Boscá & Rafael Doménech & Javier Ferri, 2013. "Fiscal Devaluations in EMU," Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, IEF, vol. 206(3), pages 27-56, September.
    5. Olivier Cardi & Romain Restout, 2014. "Unanticipated vs. Anticipated Tax Reforms in a Two-Sector Open Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 25(2), pages 373-406, April.
    6. Lukas Vogel, 2017. "Stabilization and Rebalancing with Fiscal or Monetary Devaluation: a Model-Based Comparison," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 63(2), pages 235-253.
    7. Ciżkowicz, Piotr & Radzikowski, Bartosz & Rzońca, Andrzej & Wojciechowski, Wiktor, 2020. "Fiscal devaluation and economic activity in the EU," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 59-81.
    8. Ivens, Annika, 2018. "Fiscal devaluation in the Euro area: The role of rigidities, non-tradables, and social security contributions," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 62-81.
    9. Vukšić, Goran & Holzner, Mario, 2016. "Trade and fiscal imbalances in Southeastern Europe: Can fiscal devaluation help?," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 568-581.
    10. M¨¦dard MENGUE BIDZO, 2019. "The Hypothesis of Fiscal Devaluation in Developing Countries: The Case of Gabon," Applied Economics and Finance, Redfame publishing, vol. 6(5), pages 70-82, September.
    11. Font, Barbara Castelletti & Clerc, Pierrick & Lemoine, Matthieu, 2018. "Should euro area countries cut taxes on labour or capital in order to boost their growth?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 279-288.
    12. Hohberger, Stefan & Kraus, Lena, 2015. "Is fiscal devaluation welfare enhancing? A model-based analysis," VfS Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113193, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. Halis Kıral & Lutfi Erden, 2018. "Bilateral trade effects of fiscal devaluation: Evidence from OECD countries," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(6), pages 585-606, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fiscal devaluation; consumption tax; payroll tax; labor market search; small open economy; Dynamic General Equilibrium model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E27 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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