Stability versus efficiency of the banking sector and economic growth
The paper investigates, from the welfare and growth point of view, the existence of a trade-off between the stability and the efficiency of the banking system, studying the costs and benefits of regulatory programs. Welfare is considered in the context of an overlapping generation model with endogenous growth. There is horizontal differentiation and imperfect competition in the banking sector. Macroeconomic shocks affect the return on capital. We specify how deposit insurance may increase the number of deposits, welfare and growth. We characterize the conditions under which excess banking capacity may appear and how its reduction may improve welfare
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