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Confiance dans le système bancaire et croissance économique

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  • Bruno Amable
  • Jean-Bernard Chatelain
  • Olivier De Bandt

Abstract

[fre] Cet article propose un modèle de croissance endogène dans lequel on intro­duit des intermédiaires financiers en concurrence imparfaite et une rémunération du capital soumise à un choc macroéconomique. Les anticipations rationnelles des ménages sur le risque de faillites bancaires (dont ils supportent en partie les coûts) influencent leurs décisions de dépôts, contribuent à déterminer le taux de croissance, et peuvent être à l'origine d'un piège à pauvreté. La réglementation de l'entrée dans le secteur bancaire peut, dans certains cas, permettre un meilleur arbitrage entre l'efficacité et la stabilité du secteur bancaire, et, en conséquence, augmenter le nombre de dépôts, la croissance et le bien-être. [eng] This paper presents a model of endogenous growth with imperfect competition in the banking sector and macroeconomic uncertainty. Households have rational expectations of banks failures, whose costs affect their deposit behaviour and the growth rate and may cause a self-fulfilling poverty trap. The regulation of entry in the banking sector may provide a better tradeoff between stability and efficiency than free entry, and increase the number of deposits, growth and welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno Amable & Jean-Bernard Chatelain & Olivier De Bandt, 1997. "Confiance dans le système bancaire et croissance économique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 397-407.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_3_409881
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409881
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
    2. Douglas W. Diamond, 1984. "Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(3), pages 393-414.
    3. Besanko, David & Thakor, Anjan V., 1992. "Banking deregulation: Allocational consequences of relaxing entry barriers," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 909-932, September.
    4. Matutes, Carmen & Vives, Xavier, 1996. "Competition for Deposits, Fragility, and Insurance," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 184-216, April.
    5. Steven C. Salop, 1979. "Monopolistic Competition with Outside Goods," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 10(1), pages 141-156, Spring.
    6. Bordo, Michael D. & Rockoff, Hugh & Redish, Angela, 1994. "The U.S. Banking System From a Northern Exposure: Stability versus Efficiency," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(02), pages 325-341, June.
    7. Bruno Amable & Jean-Bernard Chatelain, 1995. "Efficacité des systèmes financiers et développement économique," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00825622, HAL.
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