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Evolution des modèles productifs et hybridation : géographie, histoire et théorie

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  • Boyer, Robert

Abstract

Les transplants japonais vont-ils diffuser dans le monde entier le modèle de la production frugale ? L'article discute cette proposition d'un double point de vue théorique et empirique. Il ressort d'abord que la supériorité d'un modèle productif est rarement absolue mais relative à l'environnement domestique, c'est-à-dire au système de prix, à la configuration de la demande, et aux relations professionnelles. De plus, les dispositifs de gestion sont en général complémentaires et les processus d'innovation très largement locaux, de sorte que la diffusion d'un modèle invariant est l'exception, l'adaptation au contexte local, la règle. La notion d'hybridation est alors définie comme intermédiaire entre simple imitation et innovation radicale. Elle fait intervenir le plus ou moins grand degré de transformation des méthodes de production domestiques et l'hybridation peut concerner un espace plus ou moins étendu. Il est alors possible de classer les études de cas portant sur un certain nombre de transplants de l'automobile en Amérique du Nord, Europe et Asie selon cinq configurations qui se déploient de l'échec d'une transposition pure et simple à l'innovation qui marque l'émergence d'un nouveau modèle productif.

Suggested Citation

  • Boyer, Robert, 1998. "Evolution des modèles productifs et hybridation : géographie, histoire et théorie," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9804, CEPREMAP.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:9804
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L62 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment; Related Parts and Equipment
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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    1. Studies on the automobile industry

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