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Evolution des modèles productifs et hybridation : géographie, histoire et théorie

  • Boyer, Robert
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    Les transplants japonais vont-ils diffuser dans le monde entier le modèle de la production frugale ? L'article discute cette proposition d'un double point de vue théorique et empirique. Il ressort d'abord que la supériorité d'un modèle productif est rarement absolue mais relative à l'environnement domestique, c'est-à-dire au système de prix, à la configuration de la demande, et aux relations professionnelles. De plus, les dispositifs de gestion sont en général complémentaires et les processus d'innovation très largement locaux, de sorte que la diffusion d'un modèle invariant est l'exception, l'adaptation au contexte local, la règle. La notion d'hybridation est alors définie comme intermédiaire entre simple imitation et innovation radicale. Elle fait intervenir le plus ou moins grand degré de transformation des méthodes de production domestiques et l'hybridation peut concerner un espace plus ou moins étendu. Il est alors possible de classer les études de cas portant sur un certain nombre de transplants de l'automobile en Amérique du Nord, Europe et Asie selon cinq configurations qui se déploient de l'échec d'une transposition pure et simple à l'innovation qui marque l'émergence d'un nouveau modèle productif.

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    File URL: http://www.cepremap.fr/depot/couv_orange/co9804.ps
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    File URL: http://www.cepremap.fr/depot/couv_orange/co9804.pdf
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    Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) with number 9804.

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    Length: 65 pages
    Date of creation: 1998
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:9804
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    1. Bowles, Samuel & Boyer, Robert, 1988. "Labor Discipline and Aggregate Demand: A Macroeconomic Model," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt8sb2623g, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    2. Eliasson, Gunnar, 1984. "Micro heterogeneity of firms and the stability of industrial growth," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(3-4), pages 249-274.
    3. Bowles, Samuel & Boyer, Robert, 1988. "Labor Discipline and Aggregate Demand: A Macroeconomic Model," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 395-400, May.
    4. Aoki Masahiko, 1995. "An Evolving Diversity of Organizational Mode and Its Implications for Transitional Economies," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 330-353, December.
    5. Sandberg, Åke, 1995. "Enriching Production: Perspectives on Volvo's Uddevalla plant as an alternative to lean production," MPRA Paper 10785, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
    6. Boyer, Robert & Orlean, Andre, 1992. "How Do Conventions Evolve?," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 165-77, October.
    7. David, P.A., 1989. "Computer And Dynamo: The Modern Productivity Paradox In A Not-Too Distant Mirror," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 339, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    8. André Orléan & Robert Boyer, 1991. "Les transformations des conventions salariales entre théorie et histoire : d'Henry Ford au fordisme," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 42(2), pages 233-272.
    9. Atkinson, Anthony B & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1969. "A New View of Technological Change," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 79(315), pages 573-78, September.
    10. Giovanni Dosi & Christopher Freeman & Richard Nelson & Gerarld Silverberg & Luc Soete (ed.), 1988. "Technical Change and Economic Theory," LEM Book Series, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, number dosietal-1988, August.
    11. Samuel Bowles and Robert Boyer., 1988. "Labor Discipline and Aggregate Demand: A Macroeconomic Model," Economics Working Papers 8875, University of California at Berkeley.
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    1. Studies on the automobile industry

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