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Entre innovations historiques et contraintes structurelles Eléments d'une théorie des modèles productifs

  • Boyer, Robert
  • Freyssenet, Michel
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    Ce travail confronte les résultats d'une comparaison dans le temps et dans l 'espace des modèles productifs dans l'automobile par le réseau international du GERPISA avec les théories proposées par les sciences sociales. Il ressort que la plupart des problématiques adoptent une approche partielle. Soit elles privilégient la pertinence par rapport à l'environnement (théorie de la contingence, de la dépendance par rapport au chemin) soit elles insistent sur la cohérence interne des dispositifs de gestion (théorie de la rationalisation, l'organisation scientifique du travail, de la production frugale). Ou encore s'opposent les analyses en terme de traitement de l'information et celles qui insistent sur le gouvernement de l'entreprise. Une définition intégrant l'ensemble de ces facteurs permet de renouveler la compréhension des évolutions historiques. Les modèles d'organisation sont plus complémentaires que concurrents, même si diffèrent leurs capacités de réaction à un environnement changeant et un type d'incertitude portant soit sur le travail soit sur le produit. La production de masse différenciée, loin d'être dépassée par la production frugale montre un surprenant chassé-croisé entre les Etats-Unis des années 60 et l'Europe des années 90. La complémentarité des dispositifs institutionnels explique la difficulté du passage d'un odèle productif à l'autre. Enfin se trouve démentie l'hypothèse d'un déterminisme technologique strict: le monde façonne tout autant la machine que l'inverse.

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    File URL: http://www.cepremap.fr/depot/couv_orange/co0205.pdf
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    Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) with number 0205.

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    Length: 85 pages
    Date of creation: 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:0205
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    1. Dominique Guellec & Nathalie Greenan, 1994. "Organisation du travail, technologie et performances : une étude empirique," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 113(2), pages 39-56.
    2. Eve Caroli & Bernardo Huberman & Natalie Glance, 1995. "Formation en entreprise et débauchage de main d'oeuvre aux Etats-Unis : un modèle dynamique d'action collective," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 807-816.
    3. Eliasson, Gunnar, 1984. "Micro heterogeneity of firms and the stability of industrial growth," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(3-4), pages 249-274.
    4. David, Paul A, 1985. "Clio and the Economics of QWERTY," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 332-37, May.
    5. Aoki Masahiko, 1995. "An Evolving Diversity of Organizational Mode and Its Implications for Transitional Economies," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 330-353, December.
    6. Sandberg, Åke, 1995. "Enriching Production: Perspectives on Volvo's Uddevalla plant as an alternative to lean production," MPRA Paper 10785, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
    7. Paul Osterman, 1994. "How common is workplace transformation and who adopts it?," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 47(2), pages 173-188, January.
    8. repec:cai:recosp:reco_p1995_46n3_0807 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Frank Verboven, 1996. "International Price Discrimination in the European Car Market," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 27(2), pages 240-268, Summer.
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    1. Studies on the automobile industry

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