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The window of locational opportunity-concept

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  • R. Boschma

Abstract

This article aims to set out a theoretical concept, i.e. the Window of Locational Opportunity concept, which accounts for notions like indeterminacy, human agency and historical accidents when explaining the spatial pattern of newly emerging industries. We will state that their spatial formation does probably not reveal predictable tendencies of necessity and regularity during their initial stage of development, because structures, conditions and capabilities laid down in the past are unlikely to determine their spatial manifestation. Potential impacts of space are considered to be highly unpredictable: latent triggers or incentives providing opportunities and/or challenges are manifold, while the selection environment may operate only very weakly. As a consequence, we will claim that notions of human agency and accidents are necessitated to `explain' the spatial pattern of new industries. Because there is much uncertainty about the site where new industries will emerge, windows of locational opportunity tend to open up in the event of newly emerging industries: this theoretical concept holds the view that the long-term evolution of the spatial system is potentially, but not necessarily unstable.

Suggested Citation

  • R. Boschma, 1996. "The window of locational opportunity-concept," Working Papers 260, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  • Handle: RePEc:bol:bodewp:260
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Kleinknecht, Alfred, 1990. "Are There Schumpeterian Waves of Innovations?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(1), pages 81-92, March.
    4. David, Paul A, 1985. "Clio and the Economics of QWERTY," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 332-337, May.
    5. Rosenberg, Nathan & Frischtak, Claudio R, 1983. "Long Waves and Economic Growth: A Critical Appraisal," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(2), pages 146-151, May.
    6. Ulrich Witt, 2006. "Evolutionary Economics," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2006-05, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    7. Arthur, W Brian, 1989. "Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-In by Historical Events," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(394), pages 116-131, March.
    8. Richard R. Nelson, 1995. "Recent Evolutionary Theorizing about Economic Change," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(1), pages 48-90, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lee Pugalis & Alan R. Townsend, 2014. "The emergence of ‘new’ spatial coalitions in the pursuit of functional regions of governance," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(1), pages 49-67, March.
    2. Piotr Dawidko & Grzegorz Micek, 2015. "The Spatial Evolution of the Polish Biotech Industry: A Path-Dependent Process?," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(5), pages 944-962, May.
    3. Boschma, Ron, 2000. "An Empirical Analysis Of The Industrial Rise Of The Third Italy," ERSA conference papers ersa00p114, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Ron Boschma, 1998. "The industrial rise of the Third Italy: Open windows of locational opportunity?," ERSA conference papers ersa98p91, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Meelen, Toon & Herrmann, Andrea M. & Faber, Jan, 2017. "Disentangling patterns of economic, technological and innovative specialization of Western economies: An assessment of the Varieties-of-Capitalism theory on comparative institutional advantages," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 667-677.
    6. Boschma, Ron, 1999. "Culture of "trust" and regional development : an empirical analysis of Third Italy," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa009, European Regional Science Association.

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