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The French welfare : an institutional and historical analysis in European perspective

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  • Boyer, Robert
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    The paper proposes a theoretical investigation of the impact of welfare on the growth regimes, inspired by new growth theory and recent advances in institutional analysis. It shows the complementarity of Welfare State with the Fordist growth pattern and discusses the reasons of the "Welfare State Crisis" (technological change, globalization, shift in political alliances, or alarmist discourses on the inefficiency of social security), against the evidence brought by systematic international comparisons. The French welfare system appears less statist than paritarist, i.e. jointly managed by firm and unions. This historical pattern explains many contemporary features (the large bulk of the financing by the firms, the segmentation of the regimes, the absence of a tax or social contribution revolts from the citizens) and the move towards an hybridization of a basic Bismarckian financing system along with some Beveridgian principles. Recent evolutions do not point out towards privatization but on the contrary the State has implement a form of health care planning and created a new social tax in order to sustain an unabated demand for welfare.The paper provides too a taxonomy for contemporary Welfare State, a series of scenarios, both for France and European countries.

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    Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) with number 0007.

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    Length: 87 pages
    Date of creation: 2000
    Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:0007
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    1. Andrea Bassanini & Stefano Scarpetta & Ignazio Visco, 2000. "Knowledge, Technology and Economic Growth: Recent Evidence from OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 259, OECD Publishing.
    2. Olivier Davanne & Thierry Pujol, 1997. "Le Débat sur les Retraites : Capitalisation contre Répartition," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 12(1), pages 57-116.
    3. Andrea Bassanini & Stefano Scarpetta & Ignazio Visco, 2000. "Knowledge technology and economic growth: recent evidence from OECD countries," Working Paper Research 06, National Bank of Belgium.
    4. A. B. Atkinson, 1999. "The Economic Consequences of Rolling Back the Welfare State," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011719, July.
    5. Benabou, Roland, 1996. "Heterogeneity, Stratification, and Growth: Macroeconomic Implications of Community Structure and School Finance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 584-609, June.
    6. Eliasson, Gunnar, 1984. "Micro heterogeneity of firms and the stability of industrial growth," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(3-4), pages 249-274.
    7. Pascale Breuil-Genier & Frédéric Rupprecht, 1999. "La maîtrise des dépenses de santé, la réforme de l'assurance-maladie (1996-1999)," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 14(3), pages 129-166.
    8. Dominique Bureau, 1999. "Intérêt social et discrimination en assurance-maladie publique," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 14(2), pages 163-187.
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/132 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Alexis Dantec & Florian Pelgrin & Département analyse et prévision de l'OFCE, 1998. "Retraites de l'Europe," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 67(1), pages 207-228.
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