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Cost sharing in a job scheduling problem

  • MISHRA, Debasis
  • RANGARAJAN, Bharath

A set of jobs need to be served by a server which can serve only one job at a time. Jobs have processing times and incur waiting costs (linear in their waiting time). The jobs share their costs through compensation using monetary transfers. In the first part, we provide an axiomatic characterization of the Shapley value rule by introducing some fairness axioms that are new in the literature. In the second part, we use linear programming duality to provide an alternate characterization of the Shapley value rule. Here, we use the idea of decomposition of transfers and the notion of pairwise no-envy allocation. Of the family of allocation rules that satisfy pairwise noenvy, the Shapley value rule is the one with the minimum sum of absolute values of transfers. We discuss no-envy rules and show that no-envy is not possible in general. If processing times of all jobs are equal, then it is possible to design no-envy rules, and we characterize all no-envy rules for this case.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2005053.

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Date of creation: 00 Aug 2005
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2005053
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  1. Manipushpak Mitra, 2000. "Achieving the First Best in Sequencing Problems," Bonn Econ Discussion Papers bgse11_2001, University of Bonn, Germany.
  2. MISHRA, Debasis & RANGARAJAN, Bharath, 2005. "Cost sharing in a job scheduling problem," CORE Discussion Papers 2005053, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Maniquet, Francois, 2003. "A characterization of the Shapley value in queueing problems," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 109(1), pages 90-103, March.
  4. Curiel, I. & Pederzoli, G. & Tijs, S.H., 1989. "Sequencing games," Other publications TiSEM cd695be5-0f54-4548-a952-2, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
  5. Curiel, Imma & Pederzoli, Giorgio & Tijs, Stef, 1989. "Sequencing games," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 344-351, June.
  6. Hamers, Herbert & Suijs, Jeroen & Tijs, Stef & Borm, Peter, 1996. "The Split Core for Sequencing Games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 165-176, August.
  7. Moulin, Herve, 2004. "On Scheduling Fees to Prevent Merging, Splitting and Transferring of Jobs," Working Papers 2004-04, Rice University, Department of Economics.
  8. Flip Klijn & Estela Sánchez, 2006. "Sequencing games without initial order," Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 63(1), pages 53-62, February.
  9. Moulin, Herve, 1992. "An Application of the Shapley Value to Fair Division with Money," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(6), pages 1331-49, November.
  10. Hamers, H.J.M. & Suijs, J.P.M. & Tijs, S.H. & Borm, P.E.M., 1996. "The split core of sequencing games," Other publications TiSEM 28693e2d-82da-456a-909b-3, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
  11. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521021333 is not listed on IDEAS
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