On the Logic of Common Belief and Common Knowledge
The paper surveys the currently available axioma.tizations of common belief (CB) and common knowledge (CK) by means of modal propositionallogic:s. (Throughout, knowledge - whether individual or common - is defined as true belief.) Section 1 introduces the formal method ofaxiomatization followed by epistemic logicians, especially the syntaxe-semantics distinction, and the notion of a soundness and completeness theorem. Section 2 explains the syntactical concepts, while bridly discussing their motivations. Two standard semantic constructions, Kripke structures and neighbourhood structures, are introduced in sections 3 and 4, respectively. It is recalled that Aumann's partitional model of CK is a particular case of a definition in terms of Kripke structures. The paper also restates the well-known fact that Kripke structures can be regarded as particular cases of neighbourhood structures. Section 3 reviews the soundness and completeness theorems proved w.r .t. the (ormer structures by Fagin, Halpern, Moses and Vardi, as well as related results by Lismont. Section 4 reviews the corresponding theorems derived w.r.t. the latter structures by Lismont and Mongin. A general conclusion of the paper is that the axiomatization of CB does not require as strong systems of individual belief as was originally thought - only mono tonicity has thusfar proved indispensable. Section 5 explains another consequence of general releo.-ance: despite the "infinitary" nature of CB, the axiom systems of this paper admit of effecth-e decision procedures, i.e., they are decidable in the logician's sense.
|Date of creation:||01 Jan 1994|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Fax: +32 10474304
Web page: http://www.uclouvain.be/core
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:1994005. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alain GILLIS)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.