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Capital humano y segmentación del mercado laboral en las Islas del Rosario

Author

Listed:
  • Martha Yánez Contreras

    ()

  • Menis Mercado Mejía

    ()

  • Karina Acevedo González

    ()

Abstract

Las islas del Rosario son reconocidas como uno de los mejores atractivos turísticos del mundo, sin embargo, su desarrollo en el turismo no se ha visto reflejado en una mejor calidad de vida para sus residentes, quienes mantienen altos niveles de pobreza y miseria. El presente artículo muestra una caracterización de la oferta laboral de las Islas del Rosario y estima mediante un modelo probit la probabilidad de que un residente este vinculado a un empleo en el segmento primario, que comprende los empleos con mayor estabilidad y remuneración. Los resultados muestran que el bajo nivel de educación y capacitación de los nativos les dificulta el acceso a un empleo de este tipo, no obstante, esta dificultad aumenta si es mujer, joven y/o raizal. Específicamente, una mujer con el mismo nivel de capital humano que un hombre tiene un 21,2% menos de probabilidades de pertenecer al segmento primario, mientras que un raizal tiene un 14,8% menos de probabilidad que un no raizal. ****** The Rosario Island are known such as one of the better tourist attractions in the world, however, its tourist development hasn´t been reflected in a better quality of life for its residents, who has high level of poverty and misery. The present article shows a characterization of the labour supply of the Rosario Island and estimates through a probit model, the probability of a resident of belonging to the primary segment, which contains the steadiest employees. The results show that the low level of education and training of the residents hinder them the access to an employment with stability, nevertheless, this hindrance increase if the resident is a woman, young or raizal. Specifically, a women with the same level of human capital than a man has a 21,2% less of probability of obtaining a employment in the primary segment, whereas a raizal person has a 14,8% less of probability than a non raizal person.

Suggested Citation

  • Martha Yánez Contreras & Menis Mercado Mejía & Karina Acevedo González, 2008. "Capital humano y segmentación del mercado laboral en las Islas del Rosario," REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO 006198, UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000407:006198
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    File URL: http://revistas.unicartagena.edu.co/index.php/panoramaeconomico/article/view/383
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    Keywords

    capital humano; segmentación del mercado laboral; islas del Rosario; modelo probit; sesgo de selección; human capital; labor market segmentation; Rosario Islands; probit model; selection bias.;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets

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