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Segmentation du marché du travail - le cas luxembourgeois

  • LEDUC Kristell
  • GENEVOIS Anne-Sophie
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    Les théories de la segmentation remettent en cause l?unicité et l'homogénéité du marché du travail, en stipulant au contraire qu?il existe plusieurs segments cloisonnés, les uns étant rémunérateurs et offrant une stabilité et une sécurisation des carrières professionnelles (marché primaire) et les autres étant, au contraire, synonymes de faibles salaires, d'instabilité professionnelle et de précarité financière (marché secondaire). Si de nombreux travaux et études ont cherché à mettre en évidence l'existence d'une segmentation du marché du travail, aucune recherche n'a été menée sur cette question au Luxembourg. Cette publication a donc pour objectif de chercher à savoir si le marché du travail luxembourgeois est un marché segmenté et, le cas échéant, de qualifier et de quantifier les différents segments. Dans cette étude, l?examen de la revue de littérature montre qu?il existe des conceptions du phénomène différentes et que la segmentation peut se révéler à trois niveaux différents : le niveau entreprise, le niveau emploi et le niveau salarié. En testant empiriquement l?hypothèse de la segmentation au Luxembourg à partir du niveau d?analyse des emplois, les résultats de nos analyses mettent en lumière 8 groupes d?emplois sur le marché du travail. Ces 8 groupes peuvent néanmoins être regroupés en 3 catégories. La 1ère et la 2ème catégorie renvoient aux marchés primaire et secondaire énoncés par la théorie duale de la segmentation alors que la 3e catégorie, que l?on qualifie de marché intermédiaire, regroupe des emplois présentant des caractéristiques aussi bien du marché primaire que secondaire.

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    Paper provided by LISER in its series LISER Working Paper Series with number 2012-35.

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    Length: 32 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:irs:cepswp:2012-35
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    1. Launov, Andrey, 2004. "An Alternative Approach to Testing Dual Labour Market Theory," IZA Discussion Papers 1289, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Piore, Michael J, 1983. "Labor Market Segmentation: To What Paradigm Does It Belong?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(2), pages 249-53, May.
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    8. Dickens, William T & Lang, Kevin, 1985. "A Test of Dual Labor Market Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 792-805, September.
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    10. Etienne Wasmer, 2001. "Changements de composition de la force de travail et dualisme," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/184322, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    11. Nicole Attia, 2006. "Reflexion sur lorigine du processus de segmentation du marche du travail," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 53(1), pages 19-30, March.
    12. Bénédicte Reynaud-Cressent, 1985. "Structures industrielles et segmentation du marché du travail : théorie radicale et nouveau structuralisme," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 33(1), pages 16-32.
    13. Michel Gollac & Christian Baudelot, 1993. "Salaires et conditions de travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 265(1), pages 65-84.
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    15. Michael J. Piore, 1978. "Dualism in the Labor Market : A Response to Uncertainty and Flux. The Case of France," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 29(1), pages 26-48.
    16. Leontaridi, Marianthi Rannia, 1998. " Segmented Labour Markets: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 63-101, February.
    17. Thomas D. Boston, 1990. "Segmented labor markets: New evidence from a study of four race-gender groups," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 44(1), pages 99-115, October.
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