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El crecimiento económico colombiano: datos nuevos y modelos viejos para interpretar el perído 1925-2000

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • Andrea Rojas A.

    ()

Abstract

En este documento presentamos y utilizamos una base de datos demográficos y macroeconómicos colombianos del período 1925-2000. Del examen de estos datos sobresalen algunos rasgos interesantes. Entre estos se destacan la transición demográfica, iniciada a mediados del siglo XX, y las desaceleraciones de las tasas de crecimiento del capital humano, de los productos por trabajador y por habitante y de la productividad multifactorial en el último cuarto del siglo. Además, bajo ciertos supuestos calculamos: a) la brecha entre la tasa de inversión en capital físico y la tasa teórica de ahorro de equilibrio (según el modelo de Solow), b) el nivel de equilibrio de la tasa de rendimiento real del capital físico de estado estacionario, c) el salario real integral de equilibrio del año 2000 y d) los acervos de los capitales humano y total.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Esteban Posada & Andrea Rojas A., 2008. "El crecimiento económico colombiano: datos nuevos y modelos viejos para interpretar el perído 1925-2000," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 004508, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:004508
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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/borra480.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
    2. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paula Herrera & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2008. "El salario mínimo: aspectos generales sobre los casos de Colombia y otros países," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 26(56), pages 204-263, June.
    3. Carlos Esteban Posada & Miguel Urrutia Montoya, 2004. "Un Siglo de Crecimiento Económico," INVESTIGACIÓN ECONÓMICA EN COLOMBIA 003692, FUNDACIÓN PONDO.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    población; tasas de natalidad y mortalidad; crecimiento económico; capital humano; productividad multifactorial; eficiencia laboral.;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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