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Urbanización, Desarrollo Económico y Pobreza en el Sistema de Ciudades Colombianas 1951-2005

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  • Fabio Sánchez Torres

    ()

  • Irina España E.

    ()

Abstract

La urbanización y desarrollo económico asociado con este proceso experimentó en Colombia un cambio significativo a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Utilizando información de los censos poblacionales en Colombia desde la segunda mitad del siglo XX hasta el año 2005 este documento analiza las tendencias del proceso de urbanización y su relación con las variables asociadas al desarrollo económico y social como la pobreza, cobertura a servicios públicos, precios del suelo, PIB, diversificación y especialización de la producción en las ciudades entre otras. El trabajo muestra que a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XX se incrementó la concentración de la población en las áreas urbanas aunque con grandes diferencias por tamaño y región. Las áreas urbanas presentan una mayor dinámica de sus variables sociales y económicas que se reflejaron en menores niveles de pobreza, mayor cobertura de servicios públicos domiciliarios y de educación así como participación del PIB y de la actividad económica.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Sánchez Torres & Irina España E., 2012. "Urbanización, Desarrollo Económico y Pobreza en el Sistema de Ciudades Colombianas 1951-2005," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009821, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:009821
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2012-13.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Urbanización; áreas metropolitanas; pobreza; servicios públicos; NBI; PIB.;

    JEL classification:

    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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