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Capital Social E Ingreso De Los Hogares Del Sector Urbano En Colombia

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  • SANDRA VIVIANA POLANÍA REYES

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Abstract

La investigación del capital social en Colombia se ha circunscrito al estudio de los hogares y las comunidades dentro de las ciudades, desde la perspectiva de la antropología y la sociología. Dichas disciplinas han investigado las interacciones entre actores individuales y cómo éstas permiten alcanzar beneficios, tales como la provisión de redes de protección o la suavización del consumo. En la economía se han realizado pocos estudios microeconómicos al respecto, a pesar de que el capital social puede ser un determinante de los ingresos de los hogares. Este documento discute y explica la relación entre el capital social y el ingreso de los hogares urbanos en Colombia. El objetivo del trabajo es consolidar un marco teórico que desarrolla el concepto de capital social en la economía. El modelo teórico planteado concluye que el efecto del capital social sobre el nivel de ingreso es positivo y se trasmite a través de un multiplicador del stock de capital humano. En el análisis empírico, el capital social se mide como la densidad de las asociaciones horizontales y verticales. Dada la relación de doble causalidad entre el ingreso y el capital social, se utiliza el método de variables instrumentales para estimar los determinantes del capital social y el efecto de éste sobre el ingreso. Los resultados sugieren que el capital social de los hogares afecta positivamente su nivel de ingreso e identifica los determinantes del capital social en Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandra Viviana Polanía Reyes, 2005. "Capital Social E Ingreso De Los Hogares Del Sector Urbano En Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002099, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002099
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/d2005_50.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital social;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General

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