IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/col/000090/002100.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Capital social e ingreso de los hogares del sector urbano en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Polanía Reyes Sandra Viviana

    ()

Abstract

El capital social en Colombia no ha sido gran objeto de estudio desde una perspectiva microeconómica, a pesar de que las interacciones entre actores individuales encaminadas a obtener beneficios comunes pueden ser un determinante de los ingresos de los hogares. Este estudio discute y explica la relación entre el capital social y el ingreso de los hogares urbanos en Colombia, y para tal fin utiliza la Encuesta Social de Fedesarrollo (2002) para Bogotá, Medellín, Cali y Barranquilla. El objetivo de este trabajo es el de consolidar un marco teórico que desarrolle el concepto económico del capital social. El modelo teórico planteado concluye que el efecto del capital social sobre el nivel de ingreso es positivo y se transmite a través de un multiplicador del stock del capital humano. En el análisis empírico, el capital social se mide como la participación en asociaciones voluntarias y se adopta el método de variables instrumentales para identificar los determinantes del capital social en Colombia y para examinar la relación causal entre éste y el ingreso. Los resultados sugieren que el capital social horizontal de los hogares afecta positivamente su nivel de ingreso. Se recomienda tener en cuenta las organizaciones sociales horizontales en la elaboración y aplicación de instrumentos de política de largo plazo para aumentar el ingreso y de esta forma mejorar el bienestar. Por último, se propone para estudios futuros, el desarrollo de modelos colectivos que tengan en cuenta los beneficios del capital social y análisis empíricos donde se examine su proceso de acumulación.

Suggested Citation

  • Polanía Reyes Sandra Viviana, 2005. "Capital social e ingreso de los hogares del sector urbano en Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:002100
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/Articulo56_2.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jairo A. Arboleda & Patti L. Petesch & James Blackburn, 2004. "Voices of the Poor in Colombia : Strengthening Livelihoods, Families, and Communities," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14923.
    2. Filmer, Deon*Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - or tears : with an application to educational enrollments in states of India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1994, The World Bank.
    3. DiPasquale, Denise & Glaeser, Edward L., 1999. "Incentives and Social Capital: Are Homeowners Better Citizens?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 354-384, March.
    4. Mauricio Cárdenas, 2007. "Economic Growth In Colombia: A Reversal Of ‘Fortune’?," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 25(53), pages 220-259, January.
    5. Bohnet, Iris & Frey, Bruno S. & Huck, Steffen, 2001. "More Order with Less Law: On Contract Enforcement, Trust, and Crowding," American Political Science Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 95(01), pages 131-144, March.
    6. Sean Durkin, "undated". "Measuring Social Capital and Its Economic Impact," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 2000-04, Chicago - Population Research Center.
    7. Juan-Camilo Cardenas, 2002. "Rethinking local commons dilemmas: Lessons from experimental economics in the field," Artefactual Field Experiments 00020, The Field Experiments Website.
    8. Edward L. Glaeser & David Laibson & Bruce Sacerdote, 2002. "An Economic Approach to Social Capital," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(483), pages 437-458, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Attanasio, Orazio & Polania-Reyes, Sandra & Pellerano, Luca, 2015. "Building social capital: Conditional cash transfers and cooperation," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 22-39.
    2. Sandra Polania-Reyes, 2016. "Disentangling Social Capital: Lab-in-the-Field Evidence on Coordination, Networks, and Cooperation," Artefactual Field Experiments 00565, The Field Experiments Website.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital social; ingreso de los hogares; Colombia; asociaciones voluntarias;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000090:002100. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Universidad De Los Andes-Cede). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.