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Identification and Measurement of Relationships Concerning Inflow of FDI: The Case of the Czech Republic


  • Petr Kral


The main goal of the paper is to obtain quantitative evidence describing determinants of FDI in the case of the Czech economy in order to empirically support the decision-making process within the Czech National Bank. The paper builds on the recent economic literature and at the same time examines FDI inflows from the perspective of a multinational company. Furthermore, the microeconomic and macroeconomic characteristics of a potential host country which are crucial for multinational companies' investment decisions are examined. Since government investment incentives seem to play a role in attracting foreign direct investors the paper provides some details on the Czech economic environment regarding this issue. To reach those objectives a cointegration analysis and error-correction model is used to identify the most important determinants of FDI inflows in the Czech Republic by developing an econometric model for analytic purposes. The empirical results presented in the paper support the hypothesis that the most significant determinants of FDI inflow into the Czech economy correspond to the theoretically considered and empirically tested factors. The paper, therefore, provides some basis for analysing the character of foreign investment and assessing the role of the government in attracting FDI inflows to the Czech Republic. More specifically, the empirical results suggest that establishing and maintaining macroeconomic stability and external equilibrium, offering a consistent and competitive package of investment incentives and promotion, and an efficient financing infrastructure, public governance regime and social system are the key factors promoting foreign direct investment inflows.

Suggested Citation

  • Petr Kral, 2004. "Identification and Measurement of Relationships Concerning Inflow of FDI: The Case of the Czech Republic," Working Papers 2004/05, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:cnb:wpaper:2004/05

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 2003. "The Economics of Foreign Direct Investment Incentives," EIJS Working Paper Series 168, Stockholm School of Economics, The European Institute of Japanese Studies.
    2. Pain, Nigel & Wakelin, Katharine, 1998. "Export Performance and the Role of Foreign Direct Investment," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 66(0), pages 62-88, Supplemen.
    3. Lorentowicz, Andzelika & Marin, Dalia & Raubold, Alexander, 2002. "Ownership, Capital or Outsourcing: What Drives German Investment to Eastern Europe?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3515, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Ewe-Ghee Lim, 2001. "Determinants of, and the Relation Between, Foreign Direct Investment and Growth; A Summary of the Recent Literature," IMF Working Papers 01/175, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Vladimír Benáček & Alena Zemplinerová, 1997. "Foreign direct investment in the czech manufacturing sector," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 1997(2).
    6. George Kapetanios, 2000. "Incorporating lag order selection uncertainty in parameter inference for AR models," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 167, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    7. Philip Stevens, 2002. "The Role of Efficiency as an Explanation of International Income Differences," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 205, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bellak, Christian & Leibrecht, Markus & Riedl, Aleksandra, 2008. "Labour costs and FDI flows into Central and Eastern European Countries: A survey of the literature and empirical evidence," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 17-37, March.

    More about this item


    Determinants; empirical analysis; foreign direct investment; incentives;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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