Monetary Policy, Real Exchange Rate, and the Current Account in a Small Open Economy
Using a sticky price model for small open economy this paper compares the consequences of two alternative monetary policies over a set of variables. The baseline case assumes a policy rule for the Central Bank that has inflation forecast and output as a target. The alternative policy is a rule that also includes a target for the real exchange rate. The inclusion of a target for the real exchange rate in the policy reaction function of the Central Bank could be important if the monetary authority is concerned about fluctuations in the current account. The results show that the alternative policy can help to reduce the volatility of the external accounts and in some case it can also help to reduce the volatility of the output gap. However, this policy introduces more volatility in inflation and it also makes the convergence of this variable to its steady state level slower.
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- Laurence Ball, 1998.
"Policy Rules for Open Economies,"
NBER Working Papers
6760, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Juan Pablo Medina & Rodrigo Valdés, 2000.
"Optimal Monetary Policy Rules when the Current Account Matters,"
Working Papers Central Bank of Chile
77, Central Bank of Chile.
- Juan Pablo Medina & Rodrigo O. Valdés, 2002. "Optimal MOnetary Policy Rules when the Current Account Matters," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series (ed.), Monetary Policy: Rules and Transmission Mechanisms, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 4, pages 047-064 Central Bank of Chile.
- Svensson, Lars E O, 1998.
"Open-Economy Inflation Targeting,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
1989, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Svensson, Lars E.O., 1998. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," Seminar Papers 638, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
- Lars E. O. Svensson, 2000. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," NBER Working Papers 6545, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Svensson, L.E.O., 1998. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," Papers 638, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
- Jordi Gali & Tommaso Monacelli, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 438, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 15 Nov 1999.
- Eric Parrado, 2004. "Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Rules in an Open Economy," IMF Working Papers 04/21, International Monetary Fund.
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