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Why Exchange Rate Bands? Monetary Independence in Spite of Fixed Exchange Rates

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  • Svensson, Lars E O

Abstract

The paper argues that real world fixed exchange rate regimes usually have finite bands instead of completely fixed exchange rates between realignments because exchange rate bands, contrary to the textbook result, give central banks some monetary independence even with free international capital mobility. The nature and amount of monetary independence is specified, informally and in a formal model, and quantified with Swedish krona data. The amount of monetary independence thus achieved appears sizeable. For instance, an increase in the Swedish krona band from zero to about +2% may reduce the krona interest rate's standard deviation by about 1/2.

Suggested Citation

  • Svensson, Lars E O, 1992. "Why Exchange Rate Bands? Monetary Independence in Spite of Fixed Exchange Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 742, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:742
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    1. Miller, Marcus & Weller, Paul, 1991. "Exchange Rate Bands with Price Inertia," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(409), pages 1380-1399, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interest Rates; Mean Reversion; Monetary Policy; Target Zones;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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