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Assessing the Efficiency of Mother-to-Child HIV Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries using Data Envelopment Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Sérgio P. Santos

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve and CEFAGE-UE)

  • Carla A.E. Amado

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve and CEFAGE-UE)

  • Mauro F. Santos

    (CASEE, University of Algarve)

Abstract

AIDS is one of the most significant health care problems worldwide. Due to the difficulty and costs involved in treating HIV, preventing infection is of paramount importance in controlling the AIDS epidemic. The main purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to establish international comparisons on the efficiency implementation of HIV prevention programmes. To this effect we use data from 52 low- and middle-income countries regarding the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Our results indicate that there is a remarkable variation in efficiency of prevention services across nations, suggesting that a better use of resources could lead to more and improved services, and ultimately, prevent the infection of thousands of children. These results also demonstrate the potential strategic role of DEA for the efficient and effective planning of scarce resources to fight the epidemic.

Suggested Citation

  • Sérgio P. Santos & Carla A.E. Amado & Mauro F. Santos, 2012. "Assessing the Efficiency of Mother-to-Child HIV Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries using Data Envelopment Analysis," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2012_02, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
  • Handle: RePEc:cfe:wpcefa:2012_02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pereira, Miguel Alves & Figueira, José Rui & Marques, Rui Cunha, 2020. "Using a Choquet integral-based approach for incorporating decision-maker’s preference judgments in a Data Envelopment Analysis model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 284(3), pages 1016-1030.
    2. Margit Sommersguter-Reichmann, 2022. "Health care quality in nonparametric efficiency studies: a review," Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer;Slovak Society for Operations Research;Hungarian Operational Research Society;Czech Society for Operations Research;Österr. Gesellschaft für Operations Research (ÖGOR);Slovenian Society Informatika - Section for Operational Research;Croatian Operational Research Society, vol. 30(1), pages 67-131, March.
    3. Breitenbach, Marthinus C & Ngobeni, Victor & Aye, Goodness C, 2020. "Global Healthcare Resource Efficiency in the Management of COVID-19 Death and Infection Prevalence Rates," MPRA Paper 104814, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Nguenda anya Saturnin bertrand, 2017. "An analysis of the efficiency of the National Programme for the Fight against HIV/AIDs in Cameroon," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(2), pages 1068-1076.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    HIV Prevention; DEA; Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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