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U.S. Welfare Reform: What's Relevant for Europe?

  • Rebecca M. Blank

This paper reviews the U.S. welfare reform efforts over the 1990s and the effects of these reforms to date. Seven “lessons” of potential interest to European observers are discussed, with particular attention to the conclusions of more recent research. Such research indicates, for example, that more effective programs contain both positive and negative incentives, utilize work-first as well as job training programs, and provide some important supports beyond just job and work skills. The paper ends with some speculations about why European policy-makers are becoming more interested in U.S. welfare reform experiments than they have been in the past.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-CESifo_Working_Papers/wp-cesifo-2002/wp-cesifo-2002-07/cesifo_wp753.pdf
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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 753.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_753
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  1. Bruce D. Meyer & Dan T. Rosenbaum, 1999. "Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers," NBER Working Papers 7363, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Schroyen, F. & Torsvik, G., 2001. "Sticks and Carrots for the Alleviation of Long Term Poverty," Norway; Department of Economics, University of Bergen 2001, Department of Economics, University of Bergen.
  3. Rafael Lalive & Jan C. van Ours & Josef Zweim�ller, . "The Effect of Benefit Sanctions on the Duration of Unemployment," IEW - Working Papers 110, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  4. Wolfgang Ochel, 2001. "Welfare to Work in the US: A Model for Germany?," CESifo Working Paper Series 537, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Lindbeck, Assar, 2001. "Changing Tides for the Welfare State - An Essay," Working Paper Series 550, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  6. Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 2000. "Welfare to Work in the U.S.: A Model for Other Developed Nations?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 95-114, February.
  7. repec:mpr:mprres:2822 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Besley, Timothy & Coate, Stephen, 1992. "Workfare versus Welfare Incentive Arguments for Work Requirements in Poverty-Alleviation Programs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 249-61, March.
  9. Gurgand, Marc & Margolis, David N., 2002. "Welfare and Labor Earnings: An Evaluation of the Financial Gains to Work," IZA Discussion Papers 461, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Ellwood, David T., 2000. "The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit and Social Policy Reforms on Work, Marriage, and Living Arrangements," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 53(n. 4), pages 1063-1106, December.
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