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Social, Economic, Spatial, and Commuting Patterns of Self-Employed Jobholders


  • Paul Ong
  • Matthew R. Graham


A significant number of employees within the United States identify themselves as selfemployed, and they are distinct from the larger group identified as private jobholders. While socioeconomic and spatial information on these individuals is readily available in standard datasets, such as the 2000 Decennial Census Long Form, it is possible to gain further information on their wage earnings by using data from administrative wage records. This study takes advantage of firm-based data from Unemployment Insurance administrative wage records linked with the Census Bureau’s household-based data in order to examine self-employed jobholders - both as a whole and as subgroups defined according to their earned wage status - by their demographic characteristics as well as their economic, commuting, and spatial location outcomes. Additionally, this report evaluates whether self-employed jobholders and the defined subgroups should be included explicitly in future labor-workforce analyses and transportation modeling. The analyses in this report use the sample of self-employed workers who lived in Los Angeles County, California.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Ong & Matthew R. Graham, 2007. "Social, Economic, Spatial, and Commuting Patterns of Self-Employed Jobholders," Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics Technical Papers 2007-03, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Handle: RePEc:cen:tpaper:2007-03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Matthew R. Graham & Paul Ong, 2007. "Social, Economic, Spatial, and Commuting Patterns of Informal Jobholders," Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics Technical Papers 2007-02, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    2. John M. Abowd & Bryce E. Stephens & Lars Vilhuber & Fredrik Andersson & Kevin L. McKinney & Marc Roemer & Simon Woodcock, 2009. "The LEHD Infrastructure Files and the Creation of the Quarterly Workforce Indicators," NBER Chapters,in: Producer Dynamics: New Evidence from Micro Data, pages 149-230 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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