Universidad Pública, Abierta y Gratuita: Análisis de factores cruciales para la evaluación de esta política pública
The main argument supporting the policy of public, gratuitous and universal university is the one of equalization of opportunities. Nevertheless, the debate usually omits two crucial issues: the sequential characteristic of the educative process, and the opportunity cost of its financing. This paper develops a theoretical model that acknowledges these factors, concluding that public university can be a sub-optimal redistributive policy. Moreover it presents an empirical analysis, based on probit-type regressions, which show that the probability of benefiting from public university increases significantly with the agents’ income.
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