Universidad Pública, Abierta y Gratuita: Análisis de factores cruciales para la evaluación de esta política pública
The main argument supporting the policy of public, gratuitous and universal university is the one of equalization of opportunities. Nevertheless, the debate usually omits two crucial issues: the sequential characteristic of the educative process, and the opportunity cost of its financing. This paper develops a theoretical model that acknowledges these factors, concluding that public university can be a sub-optimal redistributive policy. Moreover it presents an empirical analysis, based on probit-type regressions, which show that the probability of benefiting from public university increases significantly with the agents’ income.
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- Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-34, August.
- Fernandez, Raquel & Rogerson, Richard, 1995.
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- Fernandez, Raquel & Rogerson, Richard, 1996. "Income Distribution, Communities, and the Quality of Public Education," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(1), pages 135-64, February.
- Goldin, Claudia & Katz, Lawrence F, 1998. "The Origins of State-Level Differences in the Public Provision of Higher Education: 1890-1940," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 303-08, May.
- Gianni de Fraja, 2002.
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Review of Economic Studies,
Oxford University Press, vol. 69(2), pages 437-466.
- Huberto Ennis & Alberto Porto, 2001. "Igualdad de Oportunidades e Ingreso a la Universidad Pública en la Argentina," Department of Economics, Working Papers 030, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
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