Universidad Pública, Abierta y Gratuita: Análisis de factores cruciales para la evaluación de esta política pública
The main argument supporting the policy of public, gratuitous and universal university is the one of equalization of opportunities. Nevertheless, the debate usually omits two crucial issues: the sequential characteristic of the educative process, and the opportunity cost of its financing. This paper develops a theoretical model that acknowledges these factors, concluding that public university can be a sub-optimal redistributive policy. Moreover it presents an empirical analysis, based on probit-type regressions, which show that the probability of benefiting from public university increases significantly with the agents’ income.
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- Hoxby, Caroline M, 1998. "How Much Does School Spending Depend on Family Income? The Historical Origins of the Current School Finance Dilemma," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 309-314, May.
- Huberto Ennis & Alberto Porto, 2001. "Igualdad de Oportunidades e Ingreso a la Universidad Pública en la Argentina," Department of Economics, Working Papers 030, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
- Raquel Fernandez & Richard Rogerson, 1995. "On the Political Economy of Education Subsidies," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(2), pages 249-262.
- Gianni de Fraja, 2002.
"The Design of Optimal Education Policies,"
Review of Economic Studies,
Oxford University Press, vol. 69(2), pages 437-466.
- Raquel Fernandez & Richard Rogerson, 1996. "Income Distribution, Communities, and the Quality of Public Education," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(1), pages 135-164.
- Goldin, Claudia & Katz, Lawrence F, 1998. "The Origins of State-Level Differences in the Public Provision of Higher Education: 1890-1940," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 303-308, May.
- Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-834, August.
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