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Regional disparities in electrification of India – do geographic factors matter?

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  • Andreas Kemmler

    () (Center for Energy Policy and Economics CEPE, Department of Management, Technology and Economics, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)

Abstract

Modern energy sources are important input factors for human development. Although official estimates indicate that 85% of Indian villages are electrified, fewer than 60% of Indian households actually consume electricity. Therefore, one observes a considerable spatial heterogeneity in electrification rate. This paper examines the factors that influence household and village electrification, with particular attention given to the influence of geographic factors. The analysis shows that village electrification is constrained by state area and village structure. In addition, a high share of agricultural areas seems to have a positive effect. Household electrification depends on household characteristics, the degree of community electrification, and the quality of electricity supply, and it is independent of geographic factors. Surprisingly, household expenditure and, in particular, the electricity tariff show only a relatively small effect on a household‘s choice for electricity.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Kemmler, 2006. "Regional disparities in electrification of India – do geographic factors matter?," CEPE Working paper series 06-51, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:cee:wpcepe:06-51
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    File URL: http://www.cepe.ethz.ch/publications/workingPapers/CEPE_WP51.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Silvia Banfi & Massimo Filippini & Andrea Horehájová, 2007. "Hedonic Price Functions for Zurich and Lugano with Special Focus on Electrosmog," CEPE Working paper series 07-57, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
    2. Oda, Hisaya & Tsujita, Yuko, 2010. "The determinants of rural electrification in Bihar, India," IDE Discussion Papers 254, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    3. Schillebeeckx, Simon J.D. & Parikh, Priti & Bansal, Rahul & George, Gerard, 2012. "An integrated framework for rural electrification: Adopting a user-centric approach to business model development," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 687-697.
    4. Narula, Kapil & Nagai, Yu & Pachauri, Shonali, 2012. "The role of Decentralized Distributed Generation in achieving universal rural electrification in South Asia by 2030," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 345-357.
    5. Oda, Hisaya & Tsujita, Yuko, 2015. "Rural electrification revisited : the case of Bihar, India," IDE Discussion Papers 547, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    6. Sudeshna Ghosh Banerjee & Douglas Barnes & Bipul Singh & Kristy Mayer & Hussain Samad, 2015. "Power for All : Electricity Access Challenge in India," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 20525.

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