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The economic analysis of the forest transition

Author

Listed:
  • Edward Barbier
  • Philippe Delacote
  • Julien Wolfersberger

Abstract

The forest transition describes a reversal or turnaround in longrun land-use trends for a country or region from a period of net forest area loss to net gain. Such forest recovery has occurred in high-income economies, and increasingly in developing countries. Although this process has been studied extensively by geographers, social scientists and historians, only recently has it been analyzed by economists. This contribution has focused on how competing land use values result in changing patterns of use that lead to an increase or decrease in forest cover. A simple model of forest transition is developed to illustrate this approach in the literature. Empirical applications attempt to explain the underlying economic factors, including governance and institutions, which determine the long-run transition in land use values and patterns. The various findings of these analyses have important policy implications, including for REDD+ and other forest recovery programs.

Suggested Citation

  • Edward Barbier & Philippe Delacote & Julien Wolfersberger, 2016. "The economic analysis of the forest transition," Working Papers 1605, Chaire Economie du climat.
  • Handle: RePEc:cec:wpaper:1605
    as

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    File URL: http://www.chaireeconomieduclimat.org/RePEc/cec/wpaper/16-09-Cahier-R-2016-05-Barbier-et-al.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2016
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gregory S. Amacher & Markku Ollikainen & Erkki A. Koskela, 2009. "Economics of Forest Resources," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012480, December.
    2. Ollivier, Hélène, 2012. "Growth, deforestation and the efficiency of the REDD mechanism," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 64(3), pages 312-327.
    3. Wolfersberger, Julien & Delacote, Philippe & Garcia, Serge, 2015. "An empirical analysis of forest transition and land-use change in developing countries," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 241-251.
    4. Andrew D. Foster & Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2003. "Economic Growth and the Rise of Forests," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(2), pages 601-637.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tetsuya Michinaka, 2018. "Approximating Forest Resource Dynamics in Peninsular Malaysia Using Parametric and Nonparametric Models, and Its Implications for Establishing Forest Reference (Emission) Levels under REDD+," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(2), pages 1-16, June.
    2. Edward B. Barbier, 2019. "Institutional Constraints and the Forest Transition in Tropical Developing Countries," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 25(1), pages 1-18, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deforestation; Forest Transition; Forest Policy; Land Use Change; REDD+.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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