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Rural Vehicles in China: Appropriate Policy for Appropriate Technology


  • Sperling, Dan
  • Lin, Zhenhong
  • Hamilton, Peter


Over 3 million Chinese Rural Vehicles (CRVs) were produced in China in 2002, three times that of conventional passenger cars. Yet these smaller, simpler, indigenous vehicles are virtually unknown outside China. The CRV industry is unusual in that it evolved largely outside the control of government regulation and policy, using local technology and resources. CRVs now consume one fourth of the diesel fuel in China and play an important role in rural development. This paper is the first comprehensive assessment (in English or Chinese) of these vehicles and this remarkable industry. This study documents and analyzes vehicle technology, government policy, environmental impacts, market demand, and industry dynamics. We find that increasing government regulation (mostly for emissions and safety) is having profound effects on the industry, with uncertain implications for the sales and globalization of rural vehicle technology.

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  • Sperling, Dan & Lin, Zhenhong & Hamilton, Peter, 2005. "Rural Vehicles in China: Appropriate Policy for Appropriate Technology," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt6gj0j794, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:itsdav:qt6gj0j794

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gan, Lin, 2003. "Globalization of the automobile industry in China: dynamics and barriers in greening of the road transportation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 537-551, May.
    2. Fisher-Vanden, Karen, 2003. "Management structure and technology diffusion in Chinese state-owned enterprises," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 247-257, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yin, Xiang & Chen, Wenying & Eom, Jiyong & Clarke, Leon E. & Kim, Son H. & Patel, Pralit L. & Yu, Sha & Kyle, G. Page, 2015. "China's transportation energy consumption and CO2 emissions from a global perspective," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 233-248.
    2. Andrews-Speed, Philip, 2009. "China's ongoing energy efficiency drive: Origins, progress and prospects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1331-1344, April.

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    UCD-ITS-RP-05-13; Engineering;


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