CommunityOrganizedHouseholdWaterIncreasesNot Only Rural incomes, but AlsoMenâ€™sWork
This paper explores community-organized, household water supply in seven communities in western Kenya. We compareÂ water use, labor use, income and the conditions for collective action in three sets of communities: two have protected springs and pipedÂ homestead connections; two have protected springs but no homestead connection; and three draw potentially contaminated water fromÂ unprotected springs.Â We ï¬ nd that piped water reduces the work of women and girls, and facilitates home garden and livestock production. Together theseÂ changes lead to increased household incomes. Women recognize clear time-beneï¬ ts. Men, however, experience extra work.Â No overall pattern emerges regarding the preconditions for collective action.Â
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