CommunityOrganizedHouseholdWaterIncreasesNot Only Rural incomes, but AlsoMenâ€™sWork
This paper explores community-organized, household water supply in seven communities in western Kenya. We compareÂ water use, labor use, income and the conditions for collective action in three sets of communities: two have protected springs and pipedÂ homestead connections; two have protected springs but no homestead connection; and three draw potentially contaminated water fromÂ unprotected springs.Â We ï¬ nd that piped water reduces the work of women and girls, and facilitates home garden and livestock production. Together theseÂ changes lead to increased household incomes. Women recognize clear time-beneï¬ ts. Men, however, experience extra work.Â No overall pattern emerges regarding the preconditions for collective action.Â
|Date of creation:||01 Mar 2012|
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- Were, E., 2006. "Water, women, and local social organization in the western Kenya highlands," IWMI Working Papers H043909, International Water Management Institute.
- Michael Kremer & Jessica Leino & Edward Miguel & Alix Peterson Zwane, 2011.
"Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation, and Property Rights Institutions,"
The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
Oxford University Press, vol. 126(1), pages 145-205.
- Michael Kremer & Jessica Leino & Edward Miguel & Alix Peterson Zwane, 2009. "Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions," NBER Working Papers 15280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Were, E. & Swallow, B. & Roy, J., 2005. "Water, women and local social organization in the Western Kenya highlands," Conference Papers h042984, International Water Management Institute.
- Were, Elizabeth & Swallow, Brent & Roy, Jessica, 2006. "Water, women, and local social organization in the Western Kenya highlands:," CAPRi working papers 51, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- repec:raf:wpaper:b15658 is not listed on IDEAS
- Lauren Pandolfelli & Ruth Meinzen-Dick & Stephan Dohrn, 2008. "Gender and collective action: motivations, effectiveness and impact," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 1-11.
- Blackden, Mark & Wodon, Quentin, 2006. "Gender, Time Use, and Poverty: Introduction," MPRA Paper 11080, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Dale Whittington & Jennifer Davis & Linda Prokopy & Kristin Komives & Richard Thorsten & Heather Lukacs & Alexander Bakalian & Wendy Wakeman, 2008. "How well is the demand-driven, community management model for rural water supply systems doing? Evidence from Bolivia, Peru, and Ghana," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 2208, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
- Elizabeth Were & Jessica Roy & Brent Swallow, 2008. "Local organisation and gender in water management: a case study from the Kenya Highlands," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 69-81.
- Swallow, Brent, 2005. "Potential for Poverty Reduction Strategies to Address Community Priorities: Case Study of Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 301-321, February. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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