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Community Organized Household Water Increases Not Only Rural incomes, but Also Men’s Work

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  • Crow, Ben
  • Swallow, Brent
  • Asamba, Isabella

Abstract

This paper explores community-organized, household water supply in seven communities in western Kenya. We compare water use, labor use, income and the conditions for collective action in three sets of communities: two have protected springs and piped homestead connections; two have protected springs but no homestead connection; and three draw potentially contaminated water from unprotected springs.

Suggested Citation

  • Crow, Ben & Swallow, Brent & Asamba, Isabella, 2012. "Community Organized Household Water Increases Not Only Rural incomes, but Also Men’s Work," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 528-541.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:3:p:528-541 DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.08.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Were, E., 2006. "Water, women, and local social organization in the western Kenya highlands," IWMI Working Papers H043909, International Water Management Institute.
    2. Michael Kremer & Jessica Leino & Edward Miguel & Alix Peterson Zwane, 2011. "Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation, and Property Rights Institutions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(1), pages 145-205.
    3. Bakker, M. & Barker, R. & Meinzen-Dick, R. & Konradsen, F., 1999. "Multiple uses of water in irrigated areas: a case study from Sri Lanka," IWMI Books, Reports H024568, International Water Management Institute.
    4. Lauren Pandolfelli & Ruth Meinzen-Dick & Stephan Dohrn, 2008. "Gender and collective action: motivations, effectiveness and impact," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 1-11.
    5. Lund, Jens Friis & Treue, Thorsten, 2008. "Are We Getting There? Evidence of Decentralized Forest Management from the Tanzanian Miombo Woodlands," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 2780-2800, December.
    6. Elizabeth Were & Jessica Roy & Brent Swallow, 2008. "Local organisation and gender in water management: a case study from the Kenya Highlands," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 69-81.
    7. Mumma, A., 2007. "Kenya\u2019s new water law: an analysis of the implications of Kenya\u2019s Water Act, 2002, for the rural poor," IWMI Books, Reports H040693, International Water Management Institute.
    8. Swallow, Brent, 2005. "Potential for Poverty Reduction Strategies to Address Community Priorities: Case Study of Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 301-321, February.
    9. C. Mark Blackden & Quentin Wodon, 2006. "Gender, Time Use, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7214.
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