Changing Status of Daughters in Indonesia
In many nations, parents exhibit a variety of behaviors that favor sons over daughters. In this paper we provide evidence suggesting that in Indonesia there is no problem of â€œmissing daughtersâ€ and that patterns of births, birth spacing and nutrition allocations do not suggest son preference during the cohorts born from 1940â€™s to the 1990â€™s. In contrast, gender differences in educational attainment and inheritance were quite prevalent in the recent past. These gaps have narrowed for secondary education and inheritance, and disappeared for primary education.
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