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Measuring Land-Use Regulations and Their Effects in the Housing Market

Author

Listed:
  • Quigley, John M.
  • Raphael, Steven
  • Rosenthal, Larry A.

Abstract

Land-use regulation is undertaken by units of local government and is notoriously hard to measure. This paper assembles and reports the results of five complementary and overlapping surveys of local regulation in the San Francisco Bay Area. We compile measures derived from surveys of public officials conducted in 1992 and 1998 and another completed in 2007. In addition, we survey the perceptions of regulation among developers and land-use intermediaries. A rich description and comparison of regulatory patterns is provided. The paper also investigates relationships among various measures of regulation and housing outcomes. We find, for example, that the entitlement process increases the cost of a new single family dwelling by almost $23,000 in the Bay Area. Moreover, the requirement of an additional review by governmental agents to gain approval of new developments is associated with a four-percent increase in the prices of existing owner-occupied housing.

Suggested Citation

  • Quigley, John M. & Raphael, Steven & Rosenthal, Larry A., 2008. "Measuring Land-Use Regulations and Their Effects in the Housing Market," Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy, Working Paper Series qt07t5d0q4, Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:bphupl:qt07t5d0q4
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    File URL: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/07t5d0q4.pdf;origin=repeccitec
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Quigley, John M. & Rosenthal, Larry A., 2005. "The Effects of Land-Use Regulation on the Price of Housing: What Do We Know? What Can We Learn?," Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy, Working Paper Series qt90m9g90w, Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy.
    2. Stephen Malpezzi & Susan M. Wachter, "undated". "The Role of Speculation in Real Estate Cycles," Zell/Lurie Center Working Papers 401, Wharton School Samuel Zell and Robert Lurie Real Estate Center, University of Pennsylvania.
    3. John M. Quigley & Steven Raphael & Larry A. Rosenthal, 2004. "Local Land-use Controls and Demographic Outcomes in a Booming Economy," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 41(2), pages 389-421, February.
    4. Henry O. Pollakowski & Susan M. Wachter, 1990. "The Effects of Land-Use Constraints on Housing Prices," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 66(3), pages 315-324.
    5. John M. Quigley & Steven Raphael, 2005. "Regulation and the High Cost of Housing in California," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 323-328, May.
    6. Mayer, Christopher J. & Somerville, C. Tsuriel, 2000. "Land use regulation and new construction," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 639-662, December.
    7. Min Hwang & John M. Quigley, 2006. "Economic Fundamentals In Local Housing Markets: Evidence From U.S. Metropolitan Regions," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pages 425-453.
    8. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R., 2007. "The effect of land use regulation on housing and land prices," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(3), pages 420-435, May.
    9. Joseph Gyourko & Albert Saiz & Anita Summers, 2008. "A New Measure of the Local Regulatory Environment for Housing Markets: The Wharton Residential Land Use Regulatory Index," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(3), pages 693-729, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Paloma Taltavull de La Paz & Laura Gabrielli, 2015. "Housing Supply and Price Reactions: A Comparison Approach to Spanish and Italian Markets," Housing Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(7), pages 1036-1063, October.
    2. repec:eee:regeco:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:130-147 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Lozano Navarro, Francisco-Javier, 2015. "Elasticidad precio de la oferta inmobiliaria en el Gran Santiago
      [Housing supply elasticity in Greater Santiago]
      ," MPRA Paper 65012, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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