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Does external openness influence the infant mortality rates? An econometric investigation for the Chinese provinces


  • Martine AUDIBERT

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Yu CHEN



    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))


During the last decades, China has achieved some remarkable results in improving the health status of its population. Since the end of the seventies, it has engaged in a process of large reforms in integrating with the global economy. This openness in policy has already paid important dividends in growth. The purpose of this study is to investigate if external openness had any influence on the evolution of infant mortality rates (IMR) in Chinese provinces since the beginning of the eighteen's. The first section is devoted to a brief comment on the evolution of the IMR. In section 2 and 3 we present the theoretical framework and the methodology adopted. Our hypotheses are tested with a panel data model. The results are discussed in section 4. They show that external openness had indirect effects on IMR in a way, which confirms the necessity to rebuild and expand medical insurance schemes. They also suggest it might be advisable to adopt measures in order to correct the health effects of the widening income disparities among provinces.

Suggested Citation

  • Martine AUDIBERT & Yu CHEN & Jacky MATHONNAT, 1998. "Does external openness influence the infant mortality rates? An econometric investigation for the Chinese provinces," Working Papers 199831, CERDI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:99

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Wing Thye Woo, 2000. "Understanding china's economic performance," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 1-50.
    2. Jean-François BRUN & Jacky MATHONNAT, 1997. "Les effets du financement extérieur sur le niveau des dépenses publiques d'éducation et de santé dans les pays en voie de développement -une analyse économétrique sur données de panel," Working Papers 199715, CERDI.
    3. Sudhir Anand & Martin Ravallion, 1993. "Human Development in Poor Countries: On the Role of Private Incomes and Public Services," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(1), pages 133-150, Winter.
    4. Jian, Tianlun & Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Warner, Andrew M., 1996. "Trends in regional inequality in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 1-21.
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