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Insécurité foncière et croissance économique au Brésil

Listed author(s):
  • Claudio ARAUJO

    ()

    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Catherine ARAUJO BONJEAN

    ()

    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Jean-Louis COMBES

    ()

    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Pascale COMBES MOTEL

    ()

    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

Dans cet article, nous examinons les conséquences de l’insécurité foncière sur la croissance économique au Brésil à partir d’un modèle dynamique d’une économie comportant un secteur agricole et un secteur manufacturé. La terre est à la fois un facteur de production spécifique au secteur agricole et un support d’épargne alternatif au capital employé dans le secteur manufacturé. L’arbitrage entre la détention de capital ou de terre dépend de coûts de transaction spécifiques à l’actif foncier, qui résultent de l’insécurité foncière. L’insécurité foncière entraîne une baisse du prix de la terre et une modification de la composition de l’épargne favorable au capital. Le modèle permet donc d’établir deux restrictions : un effet négatif de l’insécurité foncière sur le prix de la terre et un effet positif sur la croissance. Ces deux restrictions sont testées sur des données de panel pour les 27 états de la fédération brésilienne. L’insécurité foncière est approchée par le nombre de squatters. Les résultats économétriques n’invalident pas notre modèle.

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Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 200420.

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Length: 19
Date of creation: 2004
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:631
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  1. de Janvry, Alain & Gordillo, Gustavo & Sadoulet, Elisabeth & Platteau, Jean-Philippe (ed.), 2001. "Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199242177.
  2. Falk, Barry L. & Lee, Bong-Soo, 1998. "Fads Versus Fundamentals in Farmland Prices," Staff General Research Papers Archive 1306, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  3. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
  4. Binswanger, Hans P. & Deininger, Klaus & Feder, Gershon, 1995. "Power, distortions, revolt and reform in agricultural land relations," Handbook of Development Economics,in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 42, pages 2659-2772 Elsevier.
  5. Klaus Deininger, 2003. "Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15125.
  6. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
  7. MJ Roche & K McQuinn, 2001. "Testing for speculation in agricultural land in Ireland," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 28(2), pages 95-115, June.
  8. Barry Falk & Bong-Soo Lee, 1998. "Fads versus Fundamentals in Farmland Prices," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(4), pages 696-707.
  9. Birdsall, Nancy & Londono, Juan Luis, 1997. "Asset Inequality Matters: An Assessment of the World Bank's Approach to Poverty Reduction," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 32-37, May.
  10. Drazen, Allan & Eckstein, Zvi, 1988. "On the Organization of Rural Markets and the Process of Economic Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(3), pages 431-443, June.
  11. Nakamura, Alice & Nakamura, Masao, 1981. "On the Relationships among Several Specification Error Tests Presented by Durbin, Wu, and Hausman," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1583-1588, November.
  12. Claudio Araujo & Catherine Araujo Bonjean, 1999. "Mesure de l'efficacitééconomique des modes de faire valoir au Brésil," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 47(2), pages 181-197, 07.
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