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Insécurité foncière et déforestation dans l'Amazonie brésilienne

Author

Listed:
  • Claudio ARAUJO

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Catherine ARAUJO BONJEAN

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Jean-Louis COMBES

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Pascale COMBES MOTEL

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Eustaquio J. REIS

    ()

Abstract

We study the determinants of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. A particular attention is paid to the effects of tenure insecurity generated by poorly defined property rights. Tenure insecurity has a theoretical ambiguous effect on deforestation. On the one hand, it reduces agricultural profitability and thus discourages forest clearing that is considered as an agricultural investment. On the other hand, the Brazilian legislation grants property rights to squatters who make a beneficial use of land and thus encourages land owners and squatters to clear “unproductive” i.e. forested lands. Livestock activities also contribute to deforestation as they are less exposed than agricultural activities to tenure insecurity. The econometric approach of the effect of tenure insecurity on the Amazonian deforestation relies on a panel where temporal and individual heterogeneity are controlled for. Tenure insecurity that is measured by the number of rural murders is shown to have an unambiguous positive and significant effect on deforestation.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudio ARAUJO & Catherine ARAUJO BONJEAN & Jean-Louis COMBES & Pascale COMBES MOTEL & Eustaquio J. REIS, 2005. "Insécurité foncière et déforestation dans l'Amazonie brésilienne," Working Papers 200516, CERDI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:721
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Arcand, Jean-Louis & Guillaumont, Patrick & Jeanneney, Sylviane Guillaumont, 2008. "Deforestation and the real exchange rate," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 242-262.
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    4. Alston, Lee J. & Libecap, Gary D. & Mueller, Bernardo, 2000. "Land Reform Policies, the Sources of Violent Conflict, and Implications for Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 162-188, March.
    5. Claudio Araujo & Catherine Araujo Bonjean & Jean-Louis Combes & Pascale Combes-Motel, 2006. "Insécurité foncière et croissance économique au Brésil," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 14(1), pages 79-97.
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    8. Claudio Araujo & Catherine Araujo Bonjean, 1999. "Mesure de l'efficacitééconomique des modes de faire valoir au Brésil," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 47(2), pages 181-197, July.
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