Commerce extérieur et spécialisations régionales en Chine
The models developed by KRUGMAN and by VENABLES predict an increase in the spatial concentration of industry as international openness grows. Until now, this idea has been applied to very few situations and only in Europe and the United States. The aim of this article is to test their proposition for the case of an economy in transition: China. We initially evaluate the importance of spatial disparities in industrial localisation and the evolution of regional specialisation. We use an ISARD indicator both on the industrial sectors and also on the regions in order to measure the evolution of the geographic concentration of Chinese industry during the period 1988-1994. Secondly, we carry out an econometric test on panel data thus determining the more or less strong industrial specialisation of the Chinese regions according to their openness to international trade.
|Date of creation:||1999|
|Publication status:||Published in Revue d’Economie Régionale et Urbaine, 2001, pages 297-310|
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