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Relocation and Agglomeration of Chinese Industry

  • Wen, Mei

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    This paper investigates spatial concentration of Chinese manufacturing using the data collected in both the second and third national industrial censuses. It is found that many of China's manufacturing industries were highly geographically concentrated in several coastal regions in 1995. A historical comparison of the concentration levels between 1980, 1985 and 1995, suggests that manufacturing industries have become more geographically concentrated following the economic reform. Results from production function estimation and further regressions suggest that the industrial agglomeration in China is driven by both transaction agglomeration and production agglomeration based on increasing returns to scale effect.

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    File URL: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/acde/publications/publish/papers/wp2001/2001-07%20MeiWenWP2v.pdf
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    Paper provided by The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2001-07.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:pas:papers:2001-07
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    Web page: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/acde/publications/
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    1. Puga, Diego & Venables, Anthony J, 1996. "The Spread of Industry: Spatial Agglomeration in Economic Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 1354, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Krugman, Paul R & Venables, Anthony J, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 857-80, November.
    3. Jian, Tianlun & Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Warner, Andrew M., 1996. "Trends in regional inequality in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 1-21.
    4. Fujita, Masahisa & Krugman, Paul, 1995. "When is the economy monocentric?: von Thunen and Chamberlin unified," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 505-528, August.
    5. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, June.
    7. Tabuchi, Takatoshi & Yoshida, Atsushi, 2000. "Separating Urban Agglomeration Economies in Consumption and Production," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 70-84, July.
    8. Amiti, Mary, 1998. "New Trade Theories and Industrial Location in the EU: A Survey of Evidence," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 45-53, Summer.
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