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Increased efficiency through consolidation and formula apportionment in the European Union?

Author

Listed:
  • Michael P Devereux

    ()

  • Simon Loretz

    ()

Abstract

This paper assesses the efficiency properties of recent corporation tax reform proposals of the European Union to introduce international loss consolidation and formula apportionment. We extend the effective tax rate methodology of Devereux and Griffith (1999) to allow for a potential loss and use a large firm level data set to identify the distortions under the current system and following proposed tax reforms. We assess the efficiency of the overall tax system using the two concepts of capital export neutrality and market neutrality. Allowing international loss consolidation in the current system would signify a movement away from both notions of efficiency. A common consolidated tax base with formula apportionment system would move the system towards market neutrality, while improving capital export neutrality only little.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael P Devereux & Simon Loretz, 2008. "Increased efficiency through consolidation and formula apportionment in the European Union?," Working Papers 0812, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
  • Handle: RePEc:btx:wpaper:0812
    as

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    File URL: http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Business_Taxation/Docs/Publications/Working_Papers/Series_08/WP0812.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Devereux, Michael P & Griffith, Rachel, 2003. "Evaluating Tax Policy for Location Decisions," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 10(2), pages 107-126, March.
    2. Peter Egger & Simon Loretz & Michael Pfaffermayr & Hannes Winner, 2009. "Firm-specific forward-looking effective tax rates," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(6), pages 850-870, December.
    3. Diamond, Peter A & Mirrlees, James A, 1971. "Optimal Taxation and Public Production: I--Production Efficiency," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 8-27, March.
    4. Michael Keen & Hannu Piekkola, 1996. "Simple rules for the optimal taxation of international capital income," IFS Working Papers W96/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    5. Michael P. Devereux & Simon Loretz, 2008. "The Effects of EU Formula Apportionment on Corporate Tax Revenues," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 29(1), pages 1-33, March.
    6. Edwards Jeremy, 2005. "Gains from Trade in Government Revenue and Pareto-Efficient International Taxation," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-25, December.
    7. Thomas Horst, 1980. "A Note on the Optimal Taxation of International Investment Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 94(4), pages 793-798.
    8. Desai, Mihir A. & Hines, James R. Jr., 2003. "Evaluating International Tax Reform," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 56(3), pages 487-502, September.
    9. Michael Keen & David Wildasin, 2004. "Pareto-Efficient International Taxation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 259-275, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:cmj:journl:y:2013:i:28:pirvud is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Daniela Pirvu & Logica Banica & Alina Hagiu, 2011. "Implications of the introduction of the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base for tax revenues in Romania," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 35(2), pages 197-215.
    3. Michael P. Devereux, 2008. "Taxation of outbound direct investment: economic principles and tax policy considerations," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(4), pages 698-719, winter.
    4. Veronika Solilová & Danuše Nerudová, 2018. "Výnosový potenciál společného konsolidovaného korporátního základu daně v Evropské unii
      [Revenue Potential of the CCCTB in the European Union]
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2018(1), pages 78-98.
    5. Alvarez Martinez, Maria Teresa & Barrios, Salvador & Bettendorf, Leon & d'Andria, Diego & Gesualdo, Maria & Loretz, Simon & Pontikakis, Dimitrios & Pycroft, Jonathan, 2016. "A New Calibration for CORTAX: A computable general equilibrium model for simulating corporate tax reforms," JRC Working Papers on Taxation & Structural Reforms 2016-09, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    6. Daniela PÎRVU, 2013. "Twhy Ccctb Disadvantages Less Developed Countries Of The European Union," SEA - Practical Application of Science, Romanian Foundation for Business Intelligence, Editorial Department, issue 1, pages 317-332, June.
    7. Bernardi, Luigi, 2009. "Le tasse in Europa dagli anni novanta
      [Taxation in Europe since the Years 1990s]
      ," MPRA Paper 23441, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Logica BANICA & Daniela PIRVU & Alina HAGIU, 2011. "Software tool for a Comparative Analysis of Romanian fiscality with other country in European Union," Scientific Bulletin - Economic Sciences, University of Pitesti, vol. 10(2), pages 74-88.
    9. Kateřina Krchnivá & Danuše Nerudová, 2015. "The Influence of Allocation Formula on Generation of Profit in Different Economy Sectors," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 63(6), pages 1961-1967.
    10. Luigi, Bernardi, 2011. "Economic crisis and taxation in Europe," MPRA Paper 31007, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Clausing, Kimberly A. & Lahav, Yaron, 2011. "Corporate tax payments under formulary apportionment: Evidence from the financial reports of 50 major U.S. multinational firms," Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 97-105.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate Taxation; International Loss Consolidation; Apportionment Rules; Common Consolidated Tax Base;

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods

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