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Entrepreneurship Dynamics, Market Size and Fiscal Policy

Author

Listed:
  • Richard Kneller

    (University of Nottingham)

  • Danny McGowan

    () (Bangor Business School)

Abstract

The current recession has highlighted the potentially severe impact of shrinkages in demand and fiscal austerity upon firm entry and survival. Using data covering broad manufacturing and service sectors in 17 countries this paper investigates how changes in fiscal policy and market size affect rates of firm entry and exit. We find that reductions in fiscal expenditure are associated with higher rates of entrepreneurship and that there are differences between more disaggregated policy factors such as government consumption, investment and taxation. Quantitatively more important is market size. In the immediate aftermath of a 5 percent reduction in market size the rate of entry falls by approximately 0.25 percentage points while the exit rate rises by a similar amount. Although small in comparison with average rates of entry and exit this corresponds to a loss of 17,500 firms in the United States. Changes in fiscal expenditure are estimated to have a slightly smaller effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Kneller & Danny McGowan, 2011. "Entrepreneurship Dynamics, Market Size and Fiscal Policy," Working Papers 11003, Bangor Business School, Prifysgol Bangor University (Cymru / Wales).
  • Handle: RePEc:bng:wpaper:11003
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    File URL: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/business/research/documents/BBSWP11003.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entry; Exit; Demand; Fiscal Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government

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