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Wettbewerbsfreiheit, Per se Verbote und die Rule of Reason – Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild
Freedom to compete, per se rules and the rule of reason – Remarks on the institutional-evolutionary concept for competition policy


  • Dieter Schmidtchen

    (Universität des Saarlandes)


Recently, Chr. Mantzavinos proposed a new concept for antitrust analysis drawing on theoretical developments in New Institutional Economics and Evolutionary Economics. Criticizing the policy prescriptions based on traditional microeconomics and welfare economics, Mantzavinos pleas for a rule-governed antitrust policy which mainly operates with per se rules. This paper argues that the criticism of the traditional foundations of antitrust is inadequate and that per se rules rarely work. Reality confounds the principle of per se illegality and prompted courts to use a de facto rule of reason.

Suggested Citation

  • Dieter Schmidtchen, "undated". "Wettbewerbsfreiheit, Per se Verbote und die Rule of Reason – Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild
    Freedom to compete, per se rules and the rule of reason – Re
    ," German Working Papers in Law and Economics 2006-1-1159, Berkeley Electronic Press.
  • Handle: RePEc:bep:dewple:2006-1-1159
    Note: oai:bepress:

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Arndt Christiansen and Wolfgang Kerber & Wolfgang Kerber, 2006. "Competition Policy with Optimally Differentiated Rules Instead of "Per se Rules vs. Rule of Reason"," Marburg Working Papers on Economics 200606, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    2. Kirstein, Roland & Schmidtchen, Dieter, 1997. "Judicial detection skill and contractual compliance," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 509-520, December.
    3. Dieter Schmidtchen & Roland Kirstein, "undated". "Wettbewerb als Entdeckungsverfahren," German Working Papers in Law and Economics 2001-default/2001/1-1016, Berkeley Electronic Press.
    4. Heiner, Ronald A, 1983. "The Origin of Predictable Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(4), pages 560-595, September.
    5. Mantzavinos C., 2005. "Das institutionenökonomisch-evolutionäre Wettbewerbsleitbild / Competition Policy from an Institutional-Evolutionary Perspective," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 225(2), pages 205-224, April.
    6. Kirstein Roland & Schmidtchen Dieter, 2002. "Eigennutz als Triebfeder des Wohlstands - die invisible hand im Hörsaal-Experiment sichtbar gemacht," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 53(1), pages 227-240, January.
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    More about this item


    Wettbewerbsfreiheit; evolutionärer Prozeß; Institutionen; Antitrust; per se rule; rule of reason;

    JEL classification:

    • B - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology
    • D - Microeconomics
    • K - Law and Economics

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