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Eigennutz als Triebfeder des Wohlstands: Die "invisible hand" - im Hörsaal-Experiment sichtbar gemacht

Author

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  • Kirstein, Roland
  • Schmidtchen, Dieter

Abstract

Die empirische Prüfung theoretischer Forschungsergebnisse wirft in der Ökonomie - wie bei jeder Sozialwissenschaft - Probleme auf. Anders als in den Naturwissenschaften können volkswirtschaftliche Problemstellungen kaum in Labors nachgestellt werden. Seit einigen Jahren nutzen Ökonomen allerdings die Erfahrungen der Psychologie mit stilisierten Experimenten, um zumindest ihre grundlegenden Verhaltenshypothesen testen zu können. Dieser Beitrag stellt ein einfaches Hörsaal-Experiment vor, das Adam Smiths Hypothese von der "unsichtbaren Hand" im Marktgeschehen empirisch überprüft. Das Experiment zeigt zudem, wie Wettbewerb als Entdeckungsverfahren funktioniert, und besitzt hohen didaktischen Wert: Die Studenten erhalten Einblick in empirische Forschung und erleben hautnah das Funktionieren des Marktes.

Suggested Citation

  • Kirstein, Roland & Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2002. "Eigennutz als Triebfeder des Wohlstands: Die "invisible hand" - im Hörsaal-Experiment sichtbar gemacht," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2002-01, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200201
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Davis, Douglas D. & Holt, Charles a., 1993. "Experimental economics: Methods, problems and promise," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 8(2), pages 179-212.
    2. Vernon L. Smith, 1962. "An Experimental Study of Competitive Market Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 111-111.
    3. Israel M. Kirzner, 1997. "Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Competitive Market Process: An Austrian Approach," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 60-85, March.
    4. Joseph M. Ostroy & Louis Makowski, 2001. "Perfect Competition and the Creativity of the Market," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(2), pages 479-535, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Roland Kirstein & Matthias Peiss, 2013. "Quantitative Machtkonzepte in der Ökonomik," FEMM Working Papers 130004, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    2. Schmidtchen Dieter, 2004. "Recht, Eigentum und Effizienz: Zu F. A. v. Hayeks Verfassung der Freiheit," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 55(1), pages 127-152, January.
    3. Schmidtchen Dieter, 2006. "Wettbewerbsschutz durch regelgeleitete Wettbewerbspolitik – Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild / Protecting competition by a rule governed policy – Remarks on th," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 57(1), pages 165-189, January.
    4. Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2006. "Wettbewerbsschutz durch regelgeleitete Wettbewerbspolitik: Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2006-10, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
    5. Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2006. "Wettbewerbsfreiheit, Per se Verbote und die Rule of Reason: Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2006-04, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
    6. Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2004. "Recht, Eigentum und Effizienz: Zu F. A. v. Hayeks Verfassung der Freiheit," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2004-07, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
    7. Schmidtchen Dieter, 2008. "Wettbewerbsfreiheit oder Effizienz? / Freedom for competition or efficiency?: Zur Zweisamkeit von Recht und Ökonomie im Bereich der Wettbewerbspolitik," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 59(1), pages 143-184, January.
    8. Dieter Schmidtchen, "undated". "Wettbewerbsfreiheit, Per se Verbote und die Rule of Reason – Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild
      Freedom to compete, per se rules and the rule of reason – Re
      ," German Working Papers in Law and Economics 2006-1-1159, Berkeley Electronic Press.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hayek-Hypothese; Effizienz; Experimente; Didaktik;

    JEL classification:

    • A20 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - General
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General

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