IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/bdr/region/294.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Cartagena, 2005-2018: Lo bueno, lo regular y lo malo

Author

Listed:
  • Adolfo Meisel-Roca
  • María Aguilera-Díaz

Abstract

En las dos primeras décadas del siglo XXI Cartagena presentó un crecimiento económico sin precedentes. No obstante, la prosperidad fue desigual y un alto porcentaje de la población aún presenta enormes carencias y vive en la pobreza. Esta investigación se enfoca en el estudio del avance económico de la ciudad y, a la vez, en el estancamiento relativo en materia social, durante el periodo 2005 y 2018, usando la información de los dos últimos censos de población y comparando con cinco de las principales ciudades de Colombia. En la ciudad se realizaron grandes inversiones de capital en los sectores industrial, construcción y logística portuaria que ampliaron la capacidad productiva local. Por el lado de los indicadores sociales, se dieron avances en la cobertura en educación y salud, pero sin mejorías significativas en la calidad de esos servicios. En buena medida, lo anterior podría ser un resultado de los constantes cambios de alcalde, lo cual llevó a una baja gobernabilidad que impediría que la administración distrital pudiera proveer los bienes y servicios necesarios para mejorar la calidad de vida de la población más vulnerable. **** ABSTRACT: En las dos primeras décadas del siglo XXI Cartagena presentó un crecimiento económico sin precedentes. No obstante, la prosperidad fue desigual y un alto porcentaje de la población aún presenta enormes carencias y vive en la pobreza. Esta investigación se enfoca en el estudio del avance económico de la ciudad y, a la vez, en el estancamiento relativo en materia social, durante el periodo 2005 y 2018, usando la información de los dos últimos censos de población y comparando con cinco de las principales ciudades de Colombia. En la ciudad se realizaron grandes inversiones de capital en los sectores industrial, construcción y logística portuaria que ampliaron la capacidad productiva local. Por el lado de los indicadores sociales, se dieron avances en la cobertura en educación y salud, pero sin mejorías significativas en la calidad de esos servicios. En buena medida, lo anterior podría ser un resultado de los constantes cambios de alcalde, lo cual llevó a una baja gobernabilidad que impediría que la administración distrital pudiera proveer los bienes y servicios necesarios para mejorar la calidad de vida de la población más vulnerable.

Suggested Citation

  • Adolfo Meisel-Roca & María Aguilera-Díaz, 2020. "Cartagena, 2005-2018: Lo bueno, lo regular y lo malo," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 294, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:294
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.294
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.294
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://libkey.io/https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.294?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
    2. Jonathan Rodden & Erik Wibbels, 2010. "Fiscal Decentralization And The Business Cycle: An Empirical Study Of Seven Federations," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 37-67, March.
    3. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
    4. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    5. U. Michael Bergman & Michael Hutchison, 2020. "Fiscal procyclicality in emerging markets: The role of institutions and economic conditions," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(2), pages 196-214, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Diana Ricciulli-Marín & Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2021. "Política fiscal subnacional y ciclos económicos en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 295, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Sacchi, Agnese & Salotti, Simone, 2015. "The impact of national fiscal rules on the stabilisation function of fiscal policy," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 1-20.
    3. Ntokozo Patrick Nzimande & Harold Ngalawa, 2017. "The endogeneity of business cycle synchronisation in SADC: A GMM approach," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 1358914-135, January.
    4. Daniel Ştefan Armeanu & Georgeta Vintilă & Ştefan Cristian Gherghina, 2017. "Empirical Study towards the Drivers of Sustainable Economic Growth in EU-28 Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(1), pages 1-22, December.
    5. Cabral, Joilson de Assis & Freitas Cabral, Maria Viviana de & Pereira Júnior, Amaro Olímpio, 2020. "Elasticity estimation and forecasting: An analysis of residential electricity demand in Brazil," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
    6. Hong Liu & Phil Molyneux & John O. S. Wilson, 2013. "Competition And Stability In European Banking: A Regional Analysis," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 81(2), pages 176-201, March.
    7. Azmat Gani & Nisar Ahmad, 2020. "Has Economic Growth of China and India Impacted African Economic Prosperity?," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 48(3), pages 375-385, September.
    8. Vieira, Flávio & MacDonald, Ronald & Damasceno, Aderbal, 2012. "The role of institutions in cross-section income and panel data growth models: A deeper investigation on the weakness and proliferation of instruments," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 127-140.
    9. Hakkala, Katariina & Heyman, Fredrik & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 2007. "Cross-Border Acquisitions, Multinationals and Wage Elasticities," Working Paper Series 709, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    10. Tuba DERYA-BASKAN & Eda BALIKÇIOĞLU, 2018. "Firma Bileşenlerinin Halka Açık Perakende Firmalarında Kurumlar Vergisine Etkisi," Sosyoekonomi Journal, Sosyoekonomi Society, issue 26(37).
    11. Yue Teng & Dic Lo, 2019. "Determinants of Developing Countries' Export Upgrading: The Role of China and Productive Investment," Working Papers 227, Department of Economics, SOAS, University of London, UK.
    12. Kitazawa, Yoshitsugu, 2001. "Exponential regression of dynamic panel data models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 7-13, October.
    13. Yu, Bingxin & Fan, Shenggen & Saurkar, Anuja, 2009. "Does Composition of Government Spending Matter to Economic Growth?," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 51684, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    14. Kate Hynes & Yum K. Kwan & Anthony Foley, 2017. "Local linkages: The interdependence of foreign and domestic firms," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2017_006, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    15. Alessandra Canepa & Fawaz Khaled, 2018. "Housing, Housing Finance and Credit Risk," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(2), pages 1-23, May.
    16. Tahir Andrabi & Jishnu Das & Asim Ijaz Khwaja & Tristan Zajonc, 2011. "Do Value-Added Estimates Add Value? Accounting for Learning Dynamics," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(3), pages 29-54, July.
    17. Benlagha, Noureddine & Hemrit, Wael, 2020. "Internet use and insurance growth: evidence from a panel of OECD countries," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    18. Joyce, Joseph P., 2019. "Partners, not debtors: The external liabilities of emerging market economies," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 320-337.
    19. Naddeo, Andreina, 2014. "How crime affects the economy: evidence from Italy," MPRA Paper 65419, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Efobi, Uchenna & Asongu, Simplice & Okafor, Chinelo & Tchamyou, Vanessa & Tanankem, Belmondo, 2016. "Diaspora Remittance Inflow, Financial Development and the Industrialisation of Africa," MPRA Paper 76121, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cartagena de Indias; crecimiento económico; demografía; calidad de vida; Cartagena de Indias; economic growth; demography; quality of life;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdr:region:294. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/brcgvco.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/brcgvco.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.