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Clasificación de la economía colombiana entre actividades transables y no transables

Listed author(s):
  • Deicy Cristiano


  • Anderson Grajales


  • Mario Ramos


En este documento se desarrolla, a partir de los bienes y servicios de las cuentas nacionales, una clasificación de la economía colombiana entre sectores transable y no transable de acuerdo con el grado de orientación a la importación o exportación y con la relación entre los movimientos de sus precios y la tasa de cambio. La metodología ofrece varias ventajas respecto a los métodos de clasificación tradicionales: (i) mayor representatividad del conjunto de bienes y servicios de la economía, (ii) mayor precisión en la estimación del tamaño de cada sector y (iii) un criterio de selección más objetivo. A partir de la clasificación de los productos entre sectores transable y no transable se construyen indicadores de precios para estos sectores (y para los bienes y servicios importados y exportados) con base en los índices de precios del productor, al consumidor y otros indicadores de precios sectoriales. Se presentan dos aplicaciones de estos índices a la economía colombiana: la construcción de un índice de términos de intercambio y de un indicador de tasa de cambio real.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 675.

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Length: 34
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:675
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Gloria Alonso Masmela & Juan Nicólas Hernández & José David Pulido & Martha Lucía Villa, 2008. "Medidas Alternativas De Tasa De Cambio Real Para Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 004679, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Aarón L.Garavito Acosta & Carlos A. Huertas Campos & David C.López Valenzuela & Julián A. Parra Polanía & Mario A. Ramos Veloza, 2011. "Construcción del índice de términos de intercambio para Colombia," Borradores de Economia 639, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Sebastian Edwards, 1989. "Real Exchange Rates in the Developing Countries: Concepts and Measure- ment," NBER Working Papers 2950, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Carlos Huertas Campos & Consuelo Villalba Torres & Julián Parra, 2004. "Índice De Competitividad Colombiana Con Terceros Países En El Mercado Estadounidense (Itcr-C)," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002836, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  5. J. Bradford Jensen & Lori G. Kletzer, 2005. "Tradable Services: Understanding the Scope and Impact of Services Outsourcing," Working Paper Series WP05-9, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  6. John Williamson, 1994. "Estimating Equilibrium Exchange Rates," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 17, November.
  7. Goldstein, Morris & Officer, Lawrence H, 1979. "New Measures of Prices and Productivity for Tradable and Nontradable Goods," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 25(4), pages 413-427, December.
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