IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Efecto de las Sequías Sobre la Inflación en Colombia


  • Rodrigo Avella


En este paper se analiza la relación entre las sequías y la inflación en Colombia como choques de oferta de corto plazo, por medio de la descomposición de la inflación total en inflación de alimentos y no alimentos, dentro de un modelo macroeconómico de pequeña escala con régimen de inflación objetivo. La inflación de alimentos no responde a choques de demanda en el corto plazo, pero en el largo plazo se ajusta a la inflación de los no alimentos, la cual si responde a los choques de demanda. Se prueba el efecto de las sequías bajo distintas reglas de política monetaria para ver en qué casos se puede disminuir la variabilidad de la inflación total ante choques de oferta. La variabilidad de la unflación total depende muy poco de la regla de política que se aplique. DE la misma manera, es mínimo el efecto de alternar la inflación objetivo entre total y sin alimentos; sin embargo, la variabilidad sobre la tasa de interés nominal, real y la brecha del producto aumenta cuando se fijan las metas sobre la inflación total. Los pronósticos de inflación pueden mejorar notablemente si se incluyen los choques de oferta generados por las sequías, dentro de los detrminantes de la variación de los precios.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodrigo Avella, 2001. "Efecto de las Sequías Sobre la Inflación en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 183, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:183

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Javier Gómez & Juan Manuel Julio, 2001. "Transmission Mechanisms and Inflation Targeting: The Case of Colombia Disinflation," Borradores de Economia 168, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Allan D. Brunner, 2002. "El Niño and World Primary Commodity Prices: Warm Water or Hot Air?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 176-183, February.
    3. Robert J. Gordon, 1997. "The Time-Varying NAIRU and Its Implications for Economic Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(1), pages 11-32, Winter.
    4. Nicoletta Batini & Andrew Haldane, 1999. "Forward-Looking Rules for Monetary Policy," NBER Chapters,in: Monetary Policy Rules, pages 157-202 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Enrique López E. & Martha Misas A., 1998. "Un examen empírico de la curva de Phillips en Colombia," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 17(34), pages 39-87, Diciembre.
    6. Bennett T. McCallum & Edward Nelson, 1999. "Performance of Operational Policy Rules in an Estimated Semiclassical Structural Model," NBER Chapters,in: Monetary Policy Rules, pages 15-56 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. John B. Taylor, 1999. "Monetary Policy Rules," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number tayl99-1, January.
    8. Laurence Ball & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1995. "Relative-Price Changes as Aggregate Supply Shocks," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(1), pages 161-193.
    9. Svensson, Lars E. O., 2000. "Open-economy inflation targeting," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 155-183, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:183. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.