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Comercio Exterior y Actividad Económica de Colombia en el Siglo XX: Exportaciones Totales y Tradicionales

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Listed:
  • Miguel Urrutia
  • Carlos Esteban Posada
  • Adriana Pontón
  • Oscar Martínez

Abstract

La economía colombiana es pequeña en términos internacionales y moderadamente abierta. Por ello, sus relaciones con el resto del mundo han sido de la mayor importancia para definir sus rasgos estructurales y su dinámica. Aún si consideramos, como lo hicimos (y estimamos) previamente, que la tasa de crecimiento del producto real agregado depende, en el largo plazo, del avance técnico y de los ritmos de crecimiento del capital y de la fuerza de trabajo, cabe suponer que el cambio técnico, la acumulación de capital e, incluso, la evolución de la fuerza laboral han sido procesos dependientes en buena medida de las características y evoluciones de nuestros principales “socios” comerciales y de los rasgos propios de nuestras relaciones con ellos.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Urrutia & Carlos Esteban Posada & Adriana Pontón & Oscar Martínez, 2000. "Comercio Exterior y Actividad Económica de Colombia en el Siglo XX: Exportaciones Totales y Tradicionales," Borradores de Economia 163, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:163
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Judith Giles & Cara Williams, 2001. "Export-led growth: a survey of the empirical literature and some non-causality results. Part 2," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(4), pages 445-470.
    2. McKenzie, Michael D, 1999. " The Impact of Exchange Rate Volatility on International Trade Flows," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 71-106, February.
    3. Armando Montenegro T. & Roberto Steiner S., 1987. "Un Modelo De Manejo Optimo De Las Variables Cafeteras," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 6(11), pages 111-133, June.
    4. James Harrigan & Egon Zakrajsek, 2000. "Factor Supplies and Specialization in the World Economy," NBER Working Papers 7848, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Stokey, Nancy L, 1996. "Free Trade, Factor Returns, and Factor Accumulation," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(4), pages 421-447, December.
    6. Edwards, Sebastián, 1992. "Orientación del comercio exterior, deformaciones y crecimiento en los países en desarrollo," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(número es), pages 41-74, diciembre.
    7. Judith Giles & Cara Williams, 2001. "Export-led growth: a survey of the empirical literature and some non-causality results. Part 2," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(4), pages 445-470.
    8. Rodrigo Suescún, 2000. "Optimal Commodity Price Stabilization over the Business Cycle," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003301, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    9. Ocampo, José Antonio & Santiago Montenegro, 1982. "La crisis mundial de los años treinta en Colombia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, January.
    10. Greenaway, David & Sapsford, David, 1994. "Exports, growth, and liberalization: An evaluation," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 165-186, April.
    11. Ocampo José Antonio, 1979. "Desarrollo exportador y desarrollo capitalista colombiano en el siglo XIX (una hipótesis)," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, January.
    12. Naito, Takumi, 2000. "A Rationale for Infant-Industry Protection and Gradual Trade Liberalization," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(2), pages 164-174, June.
    13. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Volpe Martincus & Sandra Milena Gómez, 2009. "Trade Policy and Export Diversification: What Should Colombia Expect from the FTA with the United States," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9292, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Volpe Martincus, Christian & Gómez, Sandra Milena, 2011. "Trade Policy and Export Diversification: What Should Colombia Expect from the FTA with the United States," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2498, Inter-American Development Bank.

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