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Estimación de las elasticidades de oferta y demanda de importaciones en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Juan José Echavarría

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Iader Giraldo

    (Colegio de Estudios Superiores de Administración CESA)

  • Fernando Jaramillo

    (Universidad del Rosario)

Abstract

El presente artículo estima las elasticidades de oferta y demanda de importaciones a un nivel de desagregación de Nandina 10 dígitos para Colombia. A diferencia de las estimaciones previamente realizadas, la metodología utilizada admite un nivel de desagregación en las elasticidades calculadas, casi a nivel de producto. Además, permite una estimación insesgada de las elasticidades de oferta y demanda de importaciones debido a que toma en cuenta la entrada y salida de empresas a lo largo del tiempo. Los resultados muestran las elasticidades de oferta y demanda de importaciones para un total de 7055 posiciones Nandina. Los valores de las elasticidades son altamente diferenciados entre productos y sectores. **** ABSTRACT: This article estimates the imports supply and demand elasticities at a 10-digit Nandina disaggregation level for Colombia. Unlike the estimates previously made, the methodology used admits a level of disaggregation in the calculated elasticities, almost at the product level. In addition, it allows an unbiased estimation of the imports supply and demand elasticities because it takes into account the entry and exit of firms over time. The results show the imports supply and demand elasticities for 7055 Nandina positions. The values of the elasticities are highly differentiated between products and sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan José Echavarría & Iader Giraldo & Fernando Jaramillo, 2019. "Estimación de las elasticidades de oferta y demanda de importaciones en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1081, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1081
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1081
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Importaciones; elasticidad precio de la demanda; elasticidad precio de la oferta; competencia monopolística; imports; price elasticity of demand; price elasticity of supply; monopolistic competition.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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